European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Saxony

Introduction

The Free State of Saxony, located in the south-east of Germany, is one of the sixteen federal states. It borders the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Bavaria and Thuringia as well as Poland to the east and the Czech Republic to the south. With 4.081m inhabitants in 2017, accounting for 4.9% of the German population, it is the sixth most populous region in the country. Its surface area is 18,420km² and its population density is 221 inhabitants per km² (Eurostat, 2018). About 30% of its population lives in the three largest cities, namely Dresden, Leipzig, and Chemnitz. The capital city is Dresden.

Saxony’s economy is characterised by a strong industrial sector specialised in the automobile industry, machine construction, metal production and electrical/ microelectronics.

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