European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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The Rhineland-Palatinate is one of the 16 German federal states (Länder) and is located in the southwest of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 2019, its total population was 4.1m, representing a 5% share of the national total. It is the seventh most populated state of Germany (Eurostat, 2020). Its capital city is Mainz. The Rhineland-Palatinate borders the federal states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Saarland, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse, and the countries of Belgium, France and Luxembourg. Its surface area is 19,853km² and its population density is 205 inhabitants per km².
The cornerstones of the region’s successful economy are the foreign trade, the industry and the SMEs. Rhineland-Palatinate has become established as an internationally successful, future-oriented business location thanks to its central location in the heart of Europe and its international borders. The economy is characterised by the five following sectors: chemistry, pharmaceutical industry, automotive, metal, machinery and equipment and the food industry.

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