European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Province of Groningen

Introduction

Groningen is one of 12 Dutch provinces, located in the Northern Netherlands and relatively sparsely populated. It has a surface of 2,960 km2, which is roughly 9% of the total Dutch area, and has one city, its capital Groningen. The province has 583,581 inhabitants (Eurostat, 2018), which is 3.4% of total Dutch population. Groningen has a relatively low research and development intensity compared to other Dutch provinces and public expenditures dominate Groningen’s R&D efforts. Provincial strengths are energy and life sciences. The natural gas extraction in Groningen and resulting earthquakes are an issue. 

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