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In 2016, the three French regions Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes merged to form the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The new region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine covers 84 061 km² and has become the largest French region. Notwithstanding these changes the regional capital remains Bordeaux.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is located in the south-western part of France. It is bordered by four regions: Occitanie, Auvergne-Rhône- Alpes, Centre-Val de Loire and Pays de la Loire. The region is characterised by a 720 km coastline. In 2017, Nouvelle-Aquitaine had a population of about 5.96m inhabitants (Eurostat, 2018).
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the fourth French in population. It is sparsely populated (71 inhabitant per km²), the population is aging but remains attractive, especially for young adults and young retirees. The economic activity reflects these particularities with an important place of agriculture (first European agricultural region), medico-social and a good dynamism of most sectors (INSEE, 2018).

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