European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Nord-Pas de Calais is a former French administrative region located between the Picardie region, Belgium and the English Channel, it covers a surface of 12,414km². In 2016, the region was home to 4.1m inhabitants, representing 6.1% of the French population. This makes it one of the most densely populated regions in the country, with 330 inhabitants per km². The regional capital is Lille (Eurostat, 2017).
The past few decades have witnessed the decline of traditional industrial sectors such as coal, steel and textiles but the associated economic restructuring has resulted in the development of new dynamic sectors including: transport, waste management, ICT/digital industries and cultural and creative industries, etc. (OP ERDF 2014 – 2020, p. 4).
Nord-Pas de Calais merged with Picardie in 2015 to form the Hauts-de-France region.

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