European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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The London region or ‘Greater London’ includes the City of London and 32 borough councils and is surrounded by the South East and East of England regions. It is the wealthiest region in the UK and one of just a handful of truly global cities. Its R&D expenditure indicators are affected by the focus of its economic structure. However, it is an important hub for Human Resources in Science and Technology, high quality public-sector research establishments and Higher Education institutions. Innovation in London is mainly tied to services in the financial sector and in the creative and digital industries.

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