Lazio is one of the most dynamic Italian regions in research and innovation, as well as in education and training. The main feature of Lazio's innovation system is the extremely high public share of total RTDI expenditure. This is due to the presence of major Italian research institutions and very large universities. In Lazio, there are over 40 public research organisations and four Centres of Excellence, such as the National Research Council (with more than 50 departments), ENEA (Institute for Energy), the National Institute for Nuclear Physics and the National Institute of Health.
In 2017, the total R&D expenditure was 1.68% of GDP , significantly higher than the national average (1.37%), but still below the European level (2.08%). Lazio ranks second in Italy in terms of researchers (1,125) and investments in R&D (300 million euros), 39.3% by public sector (Government sector, Higher Education sector) and 60.7% by private sectors (Business enterprise sector, Private non-profit sector) (Eurostat, 2020).
R&D activities are concentrated in manufacturing sectors, especially in electronics, chemical, pharmaceutical and biomedical.
In 2019, as an effect of the high concentration in the Lazio territory of large, national research bodies, human resources involved in science and technology sectors amounted to 165,600 about 7% of the total active population, higher than the Italian (3.7%) and European (4.2%) average (Eurostat, 2020).
Moreover, in 2019, the population that reached the tertiary level of education (age in between 30-34) was 33.4%, above the Italian average (27.6%) but very far from European one (41.6%) (Eurostat, 2020).
Patenting activity is however weak: in 2012, only 24 patents per million inhabitants where generated, significantly less than the Italian (60) and European (112) average (Eurostat, 2020).
Finally, with respect to the diffusion of ICTs, in 2019, Lazio has registered a good percentage of households with internet broadband access (87%), above the Italian average (84%) (Eurostat, 2020).