European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Languedoc-Roussillon is a former French administrative region, located in the South of France. The region is surrounded by the former administrative region Midi-Pyrénées, Auvergne and Provence-Alpes Côte d’Azur. It has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. Its former regional capital is Montpellier. In 2016, Languedoc-Roussillon had a population of about 2.8m, which represented 4.2% of the French population. The regional area is 27,376 km² and population density is 102.3 inhabitants per km².
In 2016, Languedoc-Roussillon merged with the region Midi-Pyrénées into a new and bigger region called “Occitanie”. Toulouse is the new regional capital.
The main areas of innovation and sector strengths in Languedoc-Roussillon are: agro-food and agronomy (one of the leading international research complexes is located in the city of Montpellier, Agropolis), health and biotechnology, environment and sustainable development (energy, materials), and ICT. Languedoc-Roussillon hosts a relatively important public research community, but the private sector presence is less well developed, and the regional economy lacks large companies.

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