The Paris Region is an exceptional land in terms of research and innovation. Its diversified economy is full of top-ranked high-tech clusters and research centers, which generate exciting opportunities for cross-sector collaboration. Research and development in the Paris Region is mainly carried out by private companies which account for two thirds of total expenditure and represent more than 85% of design-research jobs. (Paris Region Key Figures, 2020)
Paris Region has the highest number of people employed in the fields of science and technology and scientifics and engineers in Europe. In 2019 the region hosted around 165,547 researchers and engineers. Nearly 500,000 scientific publications registered in Paris Region, mainly in the fields of medical research, physics and astronomy, engineering sciences, biochemistry, genetics, and molecular biology, according to the Scopus database, between 2004 and 2014 (Paris Region Key Figures, 2019).There are 63 patent applications per 100,000 inhabitants in the Paris Region (15.7/100,000 inhabitants at the national level) (EPO, 2020) (Eurostat, 2020). The gross expenditure on R&D (GERD) in 2013, was €18b (Eurostat, 2020).
3 of the 10 world’s most innovative research institutions, as a consequence Paris Region is the European leader, and accounts for 4.4% of all European patent applications in EU-28.. Moreover, Paris is the leading region and the 9th in the world on the Global Innovation Index of clusters in 2019 (Paris Region Key Figures, 2020).
The region has an over-representation of knowledge-intensive jobs and activities. Regional employment in this type of activity in 2017 was 54.1%, compared to 46.6% at the national level (Eurostat, 2020).
Paris Region has a very dynamic ecosystem composed of eight world-leading clusters: Mov’éo, ASTech Paris Region, Medicen Paris Region, Cap Digital Paris Region, Systematic Paris Region, Finance Innovation, Cosmetic Valley, and Elastopôle. Several world-renowned public research institutes are based in Paris Regions, such as CNRS, INSERM, INRIA, CEA, ONERA, Institut Pasteur and Institut Curie. Private research centres are also based in Paris Region, financed by companies and institutes such as Air Liquide, Alcatel-Lucent, Dassault Aviation, Airbus, SAFRAN, L’Oréal, Renault, PSA Citroën, Thales, Sanofi Veolia and Valeo (Invest in ParisRegion, 2019).
The region hosts world-renowned universities and elite schools. There are nine “communities” of universities and higher education institutions in Paris Region (COMmunauté d’Universités et d’Etablissements - ComUE) : HÉsam (gathering 15 higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks), Sorbonne universités (gathering 10 higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks), Sorbonne Paris Cité (gathering 15 higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks), Paris Lumières (gathering 2 higher-education institutions and one research centre), Paris Sciences et Lettres (gathering 12 higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks), Université Paris Seine (gathering 15 higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks), Université Paris-Est (gathering seven higher-education institutions, training and research centres and corporate networks) and University Paris-Saclay who is the world leader in mathematic and the European leader for phisics science (Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s ranking ).
In 2014, the University Paris-Saclay has been founded, offering learning and research in fundamental science, engineering and information and communications technology, life sciences, medicine, economics and social sciences, and management. This university will bring together 18 partners, among which nine elite schools, two universities and seven research agencies.
Thanks to this rich ecosystem, the share of people between 30 and 34 years of age who have achieved tertiary education in the Paris Region (63.2% in 2019) is largely superior to the national level (47.5% in 2019) (Eurostat, 2020).
In terms of infrastructure, 89% of the Paris Region population has broadband access in 2019 (national percentage: 83%) (Eurostat, 2020).