European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Ile-de-France

Introduction

The Paris Region (Île-de-France in French) hosts the country's capital and hence the Paris metropolitan area occupies the greater part of it. It is surrounded by five other regions: Centre-Val de Loire, Normandie, Hauts-de-France, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté and Grand Est. Paris Region is home to 12.2m inhabitants, making it the most populated region in France (18.3% of the metropolitan population) (Eurostat, 2020). The region is the richest in France and its people has the fifth highest GDP per capita in Europe.
The Paris region is the most important French region, as it also is the national capital of France, concentrating the political, economic and cultural power of the country. It is also one of the top European regions in terms of research, development and innovation.

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