European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg is the second smallest German federal state (755.0 km2) and one of the three city-states. It is located in the north of Germany and bordered by Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. With 1.8 million inhabitants in 2017 (Eurostat 2018), Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany. Its population density is 2,397 inhabitants/km², hence Hamburg in the most densely populated German State (Eurostat 2018).

Hamburg is one of the founders of the Hanseatic League and its harbour, the busiest harbour in Germany, is still shaping the city’s economy today

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