European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Gelderland is located in the central eastern part of the Netherlands. It is the largest province of the Netherlands in terms of surface area, enclosing an area of 4,967 km2, or 14.7 per cent of the Netherlands’ land surface. In 2019, the province had 2,071,972 inhabitants, accounting for 12.0 per cent of the national population (Eurostat, 2020). Although the capital city is Arnhem, two other major cities, Nijmegen and Apeldoorn, have more inhabitants (161,348 inhabitants, compared to 177,659 and 163,818 inhabitants respectively) (CBS, 2020). Four regions geographically divide Gelderland: the Veluwe in the north, containing the largest connected forest area in the Netherlands; the Betuwe in the southwest, known for its fruit plantations; the Arnhem/Nijmegen region in the southeast, which is the most populous part of the province; and the Achterhoek, which has strong agricultural competences. This explains the presence of the Wageningen University and Research Centre, historically an agricultural research institute. Research in Gelderland is thus largely focused on technological development and innovation efforts on food and health with the addition of energy themes, justified by a strong energy-related portfolio of companies and research institutes in Arnhem.

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