European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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East of England


The East of England region is comprised of the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk. The region is characterised by a largely rural landscape and coastal areas with many market towns and a few medium sized cities such as Peterborough, Norwich, Luton and Cambridge. The southern part of the region lies in the London commuter belt. The regional economy is heavily reliant on services, with a strong financial services sector but is also active in manufacturing (e.g. automotive, pharmaceuticals) and ICT. There are however notable differences across the region with higher GVA and earnings nearest to London in Hertfordshire and lower figures in Norwich and Peterborough. The causes of this divergence are complex, such as industrial restructuring, access to large markets and differences in employment rates and skills.

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