In 2017, there were 202 research centres in Central Transdanubia (CT) (CSO, 2019): this represents a 27.0% increase over the previous year. (in 2016 there were still 159 centres). Overall, this indicator changes rapidly in the region: in 2011, this number was 195. The number of researchers (full-time equivalent - FTE) was 2,026 in 2017 (CSO, 2019), which is substantially higher than in the early 2010s (965 in 2010). Only 6.5% of the national research centres, and 7.2% of the FTE researchers are located in CT, since nearly half of these are concentrated in the Budapest region. The regional R&D expenditure in 2017 was about €131.96m (Eurostat, 2020). The regional R&D expenditure /regional gross domestic product (GDP) (1.0%) is still below the national average (1.3% in 2017) and the EU average (2.1% in the same year). Private companies accounted for 79.6% of the regional R&D expenditures in 2016 (Eurostat, 2020), which is above the national average (71.9%).
Business enterprises actively collaborate with the region’s universities. At Pannon University of Veszprém researchers collaborate with a number of automotive firms and with universities in other regions in automotive industry-specific research areas. Moreover, they have broad collaboration portfolio with industrial partners in the field of ICT, in eco-industries and participate in a number of international research projects in engineering and natural sciences. Another innovative actor is the Agricultural Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in Martonvásár, an important public research organisation that performs higher education activities as well.
CT hosts industrial parks and three accredited innovation clusters: Innoskart, System Science Innovation Cluster and Ecopolis. A variety of transfer institutions, incubators and technology transfer offices foster commercialisation. Chambers of Commerce are also important regional innovation actors. Central Transdanubian Regional Innovation Agency (CTRIA), the regional innovation agency has a good overview of the regional innovation activities and carries out a range of for profit and public benefit innovation management services.
The population aged 30-34 with tertiary education attainment in the region has been fluctuating over the years and was at 25.1% in 2019 (Eurostat, 2020). This is below the national average (33.4%) and the EU average (41.6%). In 2019 employment in high-tech sectors accounted for 5.4% of total employment, this is slightly below national average (5.7%) but above EU average (4.1%) (Eurostat, 2020).
In CT, 88% of the households had internet access in 2019 (Eurostat, 2020), which is above the national average (86%). In summary, due to the efforts of intermediary institutions, substantial EU-funding and foreign investors’ increasing commitment to innovation related activities, CT's innovation performance started to get closer to its full potential.