European Commission - Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

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Bavaria

Introduction

The Free State of Bavaria is one of 16 German federal states (Bundesländer) located in the southeast of the Federal Republic of Germany, bordered by four other federal states: Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia and Saxony. Bavaria also has international borders with Austria and the Czech Republic. By the end of 2018, its total population was 12.99m, approximately 16% of the national total. It is the second most populated federal state (Eurostat, 2019). Its capital city is Munich. The Free State of Bavaria has a surface area of 70,552 km2, with a population density of 184.2 inhabitants/km2. Bavaria is one of Europe’s most competitive industrial regions with a pronounced specialisation on the automotive industries, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering automation and robotics.

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