1. C&DW minimization in the EU: to achieve an effective culture of dismantling, to improve construction and management practices and to promote more efficient solutions for reusing C&DW
2. Developing improved recovering and recycling solutions towards near-zero waste
3. Design, development and production of novel construction products and materials (with higher levels of Secondary raw materials from C&DW and improved mechanical properties) from a life cycle perspective.
4. Pilot scale demonstration of solutions and products to validate innovative C&DW recovery solutions. Technical, environmental and economic feasibility.
5. Developing Circular economy strategies for C&DW recycled materials
6. Dissemination of expertise/experiences/knowledge and best practices derived from the commitment
The work plan will be structured in 6 Activities linked with the SIP for the EIP on Raw Materials. ● A1. WASTE MINIMIZATION AT CONSTRUCTION & DEMOLITION SITES The main objective is to minimize C&DW in the EU through an effective culture of dismantling and to improve construction and management practices. The activity will be focused on production, construction and demolition phases carrying out: ○ Analysis and evaluation of existing data about national & regional waste generation and design of waste prevention models. ○ Guidelines on selective deconstruction ○ Development of secondary raw material resource planning concept ○ Waste production minimization and raw materials needed in products through the development of new technological strategies ● A2. ADVANCED ZERO WASTE RECYCLING SOLUTIONS The main objectives are to obtain optimized and improved recycling solutions to promote an efficient reuse and recycle, and to achieve better recycling and recovery rates. Research will be focused for specific materials assessment: Mineral Fraction (aggregates, concrete, bricks), non- mineral fraction (wood, glass and metals) on the following activities: ○ Feature definitions for the correct recycling ○ Optimization methods in secondary raw material supply chain ○ Identification of the economic balances ○ Optimization methods in C&DW recycling ○ Refinement and purification of raw materials from C&DW to obtain pure material fractions. ○ Design and construction of equipment for an effective separation ● A3. INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION PROCESS FOR PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS The purpose is to design, to develop and to manufacture new production process to obtain products and materials reusing or recycling secondary resources from C&DW. The aim is to produce and to characterize new added value construction products and materials. This activity consists in increasing the emphasis on raw materials and material efficiency, without loss of functionality, in the implementation of the Eco-design Directive by ○ Eco-design ○ Product policy framework ○ Improved production techniques ○ Moving from low grade applications to high grade application ○ Research on application for energy saving ● A4. INNOVATIVE PILOT OPERATIONS The goals are to validate the effectiveness of recycling solutions and using demonstrations prototypes to check the quality and performance characteristics of the products and materials manufactured with secondary raw materials. ○ Implementation of recycling solutions ○ Testing of prototype ○ Case Studies ○ Monitoring program ● A5. DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE CIRCULAR BUSINESS MODELS The objective is to develop a new model of circular economy management as an alternative to traditional linear economy. The aim is demonstrating the advantages associated with C&DW treatment to support a resource efficient economy, reducing the quantity and impact of waste produced whilst promoting sustainable economic growth working on: ○ Market analysis ○ Business model / Business plans ○ Policies, Standard and Regulation ● A6. DISSEMINATION&AWARENESS FOR SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION The objective of this activity is to disseminate the results of the commitment to the stakeholders and the general public. Associations will be the communication channels to distribute the achievements. In line with the dissemination activities the knowledge and expertise will be transferred by the collection of experiences, creation of networks for the transfer of know-how developing dissemination plans and training activities.
This commitment aims to achieve the European policy target of a minimum of 70% of C&DW prepared for reuse, recycled or other recovery according to the waste hierarchy priority established in Directive 2008/98/EC by acting in the different secondary raw materials that can be obtained from C&DW under a sustainable management system.
Highest impacts are expected for mineral fraction (80% of total C&DW) with an objective of achieving more than 80% of the recovery rate by the development of innovative technological solutions and working on new guidelines that will help to develop new local and national non-technological strategies.
3 billion tons of aggregates are needed in EU per year and currently only 6% corresponds to recycled aggregates. This commitment expects to achieve the target of 10% of virgin material substituted which could save around 480 million €, considering around 4€/ton of savings from the use of recycled aggregate.
Wood is a major construction material in northern countries. About 65% of the wood waste generated in EU was estimated to be recovered as material or energy and this commitment expects to move the use of wood to material recovery in those countries where recycling is possible.
Other fractions, such as glass and metals, have a high market value when they are separated. The new management model will allow an optimized separation through improved technological solutions.
This commitment aims to support a harmonized approach to EU C&DW legislation and improved national implementation and contribution to new standards thanks to the involvement of public and standardization bodies.
Another expected impact is the increase of competitiveness of SMEs thanks to their involvement in this commitment and the generated knowledge that they can create for other SMEs
The Commitment involves 47 partners from 14 EU Countries (Spain, Portugal, Belgium, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Poland, Germany, Slovenia, Hungary, Greece).
● PRIVATE LARGE COMPANIES: ACCIONA, D’APPOLONIA, LAFARGE, KERABÉN, MOSTOSTAL, L&T
● PRIVATE SME: RECOVERING SARL, RECICLADOS PUCELANOS, GHIAIE PONTE ROSSO, CDE GLOBAL, EDAFOTEC, INNCEINNMAT, GEONARDO, SULENSAIO, ECOPATROL, MEDIOTEC, TOMRA, INTECUS.
● RESEARCH INSTITUTES: AIDICO, TECNALIA, CARTIF, CEVALOR, CBI, SP, AITEMIN, VITO, VTT, FINNISH WOOD RESEARCH OY
● ACADEMIA: UNIVERSITEIT GENT, ISEP, UNIVPM, GEOBIOTEC, TU DELFT, TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF CRETE, CICECO.
● PUBLIC BODIES: BRGM, OVAM, CEDEX, GEO ZS, ZAG, IOER.
● ASSOCIATIONS: FIR, EUROGYPSUM, ANIET, AITEX, AENOR, GERD
Coordinators of the commitment, ACCIONA’s research will be focused on the application of new technologies for waste recycling in construction sites and finding and applying new technologies of valorization of secondary raw materials in construction sites. ACCIONA will participate in the activities related to waste minimization, zero waste solutions, innovative processes and pilot operations.