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EU Responsible mining demonstrations: best practice and capacity building

Acronym: 
REMIND
Objectives of the commitment: 

Social acceptance of non-energy mineral raw materials extractive activities is a key to the sustainable supply of these raw materials from European sources, one of the three pillars of the EU Raw Materials Initiative.

Building on the experience gained at the broad international and corporate levels, the REMIND commitment objective is to develop and implement an EU "Responsible Mining" concept. Based on existing experience at EU and international levels, it will:
• Develop multi-stakeholder dialogue in support of sustainable non-energy extractive industries;
• Develop and promote a "EU Responsible Mining Charter" and related sustainable performance reporting, building on existing sustainability indicators frameworks and reporting guidelines, with suggestions on possible needs for additional or improved indicators;
• Foster the development of institutional and corporate capacities to implement the concept.

Description of the activities: 

The development of "Responsible", "Green Mining" or, more generally, sustainable mineral raw materials extractive activities, is a core objective of national (mineral) raw materials strategies developed and published by several EU governments since 2010, see for example Germany, Finland, Greece, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

The implementation of this commitment will, if supported by the necessary EU co-funding, be implemented in two phases:

PHASE I (18 months)
• Identification of responsible mining initiatives or, more generally, good practice in the sustainable production of non-energy mineral raw materials, with particular focus on successful multi-stakeholder dialogue and consensus development in support of sustainable mining projects;
• Set-up an Advisory board of organisations/ competent persons to provide guidance and experience to the project;
• Identification of responsible mining related requirements of EU mining codes;
• Identification, and assessment at EU and global scale of existing voluntary sustainability reporting frameworks related to the full mining project lifecycle (exploration, mining, ore processing, waste disposal, mine closure and aftercare). Examples are the European Commission Non-Energy Extractive Sustainable Development Indicators published in 2003, the "Circumpolar Information Guide on Mining for Indigenous Peoples and Northern Communities" (Arctic Council), the “Pan-European Reserves and Resources Reporting Committee” reporting code (PERC) and other CRIRSCO aligned codes, the European Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS), the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), the Global Mining Initiative and the International Cyanide Management Code;
• Development of an EU guidance document, or a series of documents, on responsible mining, built upon the identified good practice, addressing all the above mentioned stages of a mining project;
• Development of publicly available e-learning modules to assist in training the staff of the public authorities in charge of the mine licencing procedure, especially from the national environmental authorities, to help them in their evaluation of the technically complex documentation to be provided by mining companies with their application for mining permits;
• Development of a “Responsible mining” charter defining voluntary obligations for participating companies in the project. This will include a verification process based on an agreed sustainable performance reporting framework.

PHASE II (48 months) – tentative outline (to be fully identified during Phase I)
• Implementation of the “Responsible mining” charter by participating companies particularly through the publication of the sustainable performance data of their operations, by the organisation of a proactive dialogue with their stakeholders – especially with populations concerned by the potential development of future activities;
• Monitoring and evaluation of the deployment of the “Responsible mining” concept using the verification process defined during Phase I;
• Identification of further needs for research and innovation activities;
• Enlargement of the number of companies and institutions committed to the “Responsible mining” Charter;
• Outreach actions, such as conferences, organisation by participating companies of a yearly "Mining day" for their stakeholders and the general public, website/ EU mineral resources portal, videos, meetings with stakeholders, preparation of educative materials targeting secondary school and university students, support to developping countries.

Description of the expected impacts: 

Public acceptance of quarrying and mining activities within the EU is one of the key conditions for a stable supply of non-energy mineral raw materials needed by the EU economy, in complement to the enhancement of the circular component of the economy based on a combination of more efficient resource use; the minimization of harmful waste and emissions; eco-efficient product design; recycling; and the search for more eco-efficient substitute materials.

Through the development of public trust, based on accountability of industrial operations, the project aims at lowering the prevailing public distrust in the mining industry, to make the EU a more attractive location for minerals and raw materials investment. The key impact will therefore be a higher rate of supply of mineral raw materials to the EU from EU sources, reducing the exposure of the EU economies to:
• Market distortions created by various non-EU countries that implement tariff and non-tariff barriers to the free trade and movement of minerals and metals;
• Actions by third party countries in resource-rich countries;
• Geopolitical hazards;
• The environmental, social and political impacts associated with some imports.

Moreover, through the implementation of verifiable sustainable performance reporting, and through raising awareness of its value to all stakeholders, the companies participating in this project will contribute to enhanced resource efficiency and the extent to which decoupling between growth and the environmental impacts of growth is taking place and can continue.

The project will also impact positively on the education of students and the general public in sustainable natural resources management.

Expected innovation outcomes: 
New business models
New ideas to the market
Societal innovation
Comments: 

The 20 Partners are from 10 EU countries and comprise:
• Companies (5) involved in mining and/or exploration: 1 major company (ERAMET, FR, involved in mining, metallurgy of non-ferrous metals and recycling) and 4 juniors (EUROCOLT, the Portuguese subsidiary of COLT RESOURCES, developing mining projects in Portugal; TASMAN MINERALS developing rare earth and tungsten projects in Sweden; HELLAS GOLD with 1 active mine and 2 advanced development projects in Greece); VARISCAN MINES (Early stage exploration in France);
• Academia and research institutes (5: FI, FR, GR, PL, SE);
• Geological surveys (7: ES, FI, FR, GR, IE, RO, SE);
• Engineering companies and consultancies (3: AT, DE, SE);

Some additional partners will be sought including NGOs, research organisations in social sciences and the development/ management of multi-stakeholder dialogue and industry associations.

Name of the coordinating organisation: 
BRGM, the French Geological Survey
Country: 
France
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 

Partnership coordination, scientific contributions in relation to sustainable development, international networking, mineral exploration, ore processing, biohydrometallurgy, material flows and life cycle analysis, post mining management, environmental management. Follow-up of the operations in France and management of the French Responsible Mining project (Ministry for Industrial Renewal - BRGM)

Other partners: 
Name of partner: 
EUROCOLT
Country: 
Portugal
Entity profile: 
Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: 
Technical and scientific contributions in relation to sustainable development, international networking, mineral exploration, ore processing, biohydrometallurgy, material flows and life cycle analysis, environmental management.
Name of partner: 
DMT
Country: 
Germany
Entity profile: 
Private sector - large company
Role within the commitment: 
Analysis of practice and experience in non-EU countries concerning monitoring of environmental impacts; Delivering best practise examples from Germany; Participation in development of an EU reference and guidance document on Responsible Mining; Development of e-learning modules; Participation in development and implementation of a “Responsible mining” charter; Dissemination and exploitation of the project results, including outreach activities, as conferences, website.
Name of partner: 
ERAMET SA
Country: 
France
Entity profile: 
Private sector - large company
Role within the commitment: 
Sharing ERAMET’s good practices and policies about: environment management at mining sites and projects / stakeholder engagement and dialogue strategies / CSR action plans; participation in development of an EU guidance document on Responsible Mining (Phase I of the project). ERAMET potential involvement in phase II will depend on the results of phase I.
Name of partner: 
GSI - The Geological Survey of Ireland
Country: 
Ireland
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
GSI will contribute to the development of protocols for the Responsible Mining Charter. GSI will operate the Charter in Ireland.
Name of partner: 
GTK, Geological Survey of Finland
Country: 
Finland
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
Holistic knowledge on sustainability issues related to mining, including best environmental practices, social responsibility, mineral markets and exploration. Strong national mining and metallurgical industry and expertise on national green mining concept benefit the project. GTK will contribute in setting up the best practise guidelines on environmental management, stakeholder engagement, exploration, mineral processing and mine closure.
Name of partner: 
Hellas Gold S.A.
Country: 
Greece
Entity profile: 
Private sector - large company
Role within the commitment: 
- Development of new deep penetrating geophysics and drilling, using 3D modelling, to facilitate exploration; - Sustainable processing and refining; - Resource efficient mining, including recycling activities, in terms of re-using secondary materials deriving from various production waste streams; - New sustainable waste management and environmental monitoring technologies; - Developing public awareness through open and transparent stakeholder dialogue.
Name of partner: 
Instituto Geológico y Minero de España (Geological Survey of Spain)
Country: 
Spain
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
IGME will contribute in the development of protocols in Environmental Impact and Risk Assessment of Mine Waste facilities for a Responsible Mining and analyzing the Potential Mineral Recovery from mining Wastes.
Name of partner: 
ETHNIKO KENTRO VIOSIMIS & AEIFOROU ANAPTYXIS (EKBAA-IGMEM) - Greek Institute of Geology & Mineral Exploration
Country: 
Greece
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
IGMEM has coordinated and participated to EU R&D programmes in the fields of Earth science. It is the national repository of public geological, hydrogeological, geochemical, geophysical, mining and metallurgical data. It works in close relation to industry in exploration and evaluation of metallic and industrial minerals ore deposits, geothermal fields, hydrogeological surveys, applies geochemical studies, environmental control and monitoring special studies on safe waste disposal sites for wastes.
Name of partner: 
Geological Institute of Romania
Country: 
Romania
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
Contribution in the identification of good practice in sustainable non-energy mineral raw materials quarrying or mining and in the definition of sustainability indicators, application to orphan mining sites. Contribution of national experience to the development of an EU reference and guidance document on Responsible Mining, to the development and implementation of a “Responsible mining” chart. Help in other activities in relation with the scope of the project.
Name of partner: 
INERIS -
Country: 
France
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
Risk evaluation and mitigation related to industrial development. This includes development and implementation of assessment methods and monitoring techniques. The risks and impacts evaluated may be accidental (explosion, failure, collapse…) as well as sanitary and environmental (air, soil and water pollution). INERIS also developed a large experience in terms of dissemination of R&D results via standardisation and voluntary certification.
Name of partner: 
Kemakta Konsult AB
Country: 
Sweden
Entity profile: 
Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: 
Analysis and assessment of the potential environmental impact including modelling of hydrogeological, geochemical and other environmental dispersion mechanisms. Assessment of the potential impact of the resulting environmental impacts on sustainability indicators for the mining industry.
Name of partner: 
Luleå University of Technology, Division of Human Work Science
Country: 
Sweden
Entity profile: 
Academia
Role within the commitment: 
Identification, analysis and assessment of work environment and work organizational aspects to be considered when forming a concept for responsible mining that can attract young people to the mining sector.
Name of partner: 
MEERI - Mineral and Energy Economy research Institute of The Polish Academy of Sciences
Country: 
Poland
Entity profile: 
Academia
Role within the commitment: 
Identification, analysis and assessment of political, legal economic and social aspects and their impact on mining projects. Assessment of the role of CSR in responsible mining and analysis of best practice. Assessment of potential environmental impacts using the Life Cycle Assessment method and eco-efficiency analysis, assessment of sustainable indicators for mining, development of strategies and policies for sustainable management of the mining industry.
Name of partner: 
MinPol
Country: 
Austria
Entity profile: 
Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: 
Contribution to all aspects of mineral policies in the field of mining, minerals economy, mining and environmental engineering, geology and IT, supporting dissemination and promotion activities
Name of partner: 
SGU, the Geological Survey of Sweden
Country: 
Sweden
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
Scientific contributions in relation to a broad aspect of geosciences, international networking, mineral market analyses, legislation issues, guidance’s. Review and follow-up on mining operations in Sweden. Contacts with the Swedish mining industry. Management of the Swedish Mineral Strategy (Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications)
Name of partner: 
Tasman Metals AB
Country: 
Sweden
Entity profile: 
Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: 
Tasman Metals AB is the Swedish subsidiary of Tasman Metals Ltd., a Canadian company focused on Strategic Metals in the EU. At the moment Tasman is working with the development of the Norra Kärr advanced REE project in Sweden. Tasman will contribute with experience from the development of a mining project in Europe, on topics such as: permitting (EU-legislation as well as national legislation), working with stakeholders and authorities; base-line studies and environmental impact assessments.
Name of partner: 
VARISCAN MINES SAS
Country: 
France
Entity profile: 
Private sector - SME
Role within the commitment: 
Access to projects and information about the social acceptability of mining exploration permits in France. Public meetings to inform stakeholders.
Name of partner: 
VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland
Country: 
Finland
Entity profile: 
Governmental/public body
Role within the commitment: 
Mining sector is in transition worldwide -in Finland environmental and social aspects of the mining sector have now started to been discussed not only among scientists, but among various stakeholders. VTT role is to frame and develop tools for sustainable and acceptable mining in the future among various context and levels, and developed specific expertise in the development of multi-stakeholder dialogue, aiming at the inclusion of impacted populations in Lappland.
Name of partner: 
TUC - Technical University Crete, School of Mineral Resources Engineering
Country: 
Greece
Entity profile: 
Academia
Role within the commitment: 
Contribution to development of sustainability indicators, stakeholder identification, data and methodologies required for a resource-efficient planning, development of e-learning modules, contribution to policy-makers, contribution to “responsible mining” charter, LCA and Risk studies, waste management and valorization.
Existing EU contribution: 
No
Period to implement the commitment: 
Monday, 4 January, 2016 to Saturday, 30 June, 2018