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Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Legislation

The Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC

The directive lays down the safety criteria that toys must meet before they can be marketed in the EU. Toys must also comply with any other EU legislation applicable to them.

The Commission prepared a consolidated version of the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC in Chinese (790 kB).

Amendments to the toy safety directive

To adapt the safety requirements on chemicals in toys to the latest technical and scientific developments, the Commission can amend certain parts of the Directive. The following amendments have been made

A consultation on the possible future revision of migration limits for lead in toys took place in 2012. Several studies were undertaken with the aim of assessing the impacts of the revision of migration limits for lead

The expert group on toy safety

The expert group on toy safety is the setting for cooperation between EU countries, stakeholders and the Commission on toy safety. It assists in the consistent implementation of legislation across the EU and provides advice on the preparation of new legislative proposals and policy initiatives. In particular, the expert group discusses 'grey zone' classification problems and develops guidance material.

Report on the application of the Toy Safety Directive

Every 5 years, EU countries are required to send the Commission a report on the application of the directive. The report must contain

  • an evaluation of the situation concerning toy safety and the effectiveness of the directive
  • a presentation of the market surveillance activities performed by the EU country

The Commission then draws up a summary of the national reports.

See the Commission summary of the EU countries' reports of 2019 and its annexes.

See the Commission summary of the EU countries' reports of 2014 and its annexes.

Evaluations of Directive 2009/48/EC on the safety of toys

An external evaluation of the Toy Safety Directive was requested by the Commission, carried out in 2014 and 2015. It was to assess the directive's relevance in addressing current needs, its effectiveness and efficiency in meeting its objectives, its coherence with the EU legislative framework relevant for toys, and its EU added value.

See the evaluation report, its executive summary and the key findings.

An internal evaluation of the Toy Safety Directive was carried out in 2018 and finalised in 2020. It assesses the functioning of the Directive since its entry into force according to the five criteria: relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, coherence and EU added value. See the Better Regulation Portal's page on the evaluation, the staff working document on the evaluation of the Toy Safety Directive and its executive summary.

Revision of Directive 2009/48/EC on the safety of toys

On 5 October 2021, the Commission published an inception impact assessment on the revision of the Toy Safety Directive. The deadline for comments is 2 November 2021.