The EU is dependent on the imports of many raw materials. Even though the potential for mining and quarrying in Europe is strong, the land area available for extraction is constantly decreasing. To facilitate the sustainable supply of raw materials from European deposits, the European Commission aims to secure the right legal and regulatory conditions.
Securing sustainable supply of raw materials from EU sources is a second pillar of the Raw Materials Initiative, published on 2 February 2011. The Commission proposed targeted measures to promote investment in extractive industries in Europe:
The Commission's activities under the second pillar of RMI are well described in the Strategic Implementation Plan (SIP) within the Priority Area: Improving Europe's raw materials framework conditions. The aim of the Priority Area is to facilitate the exchange of best practice among EU countries to improve the sustainable and safe supply of raw materials to the EU economy and society.
The Priority Area has three action areas:
The improvement of the raw materials framework conditions would foster a stable and competitive supply from EU sources and facilitate public acceptance whilst contributing to increased environmental protection.
However, minerals policy and the supply of raw materials fall under the competence of individual EU countries jurisdiction. Some countries have currently up-dated their national strategies and/or their minerals policies: