The EU has some 177 MHa of forest and other wooded land. Wood is by far the most important forest product but not all forests are focused on wood production and only two thirds of annual wood growth is used for building, furniture, other life-style products, or energy. Non-wood forest products such as resin or cork are also important. Some other raw materials that don’t come from forests, are also needed in the production of wood and paper products. Latex, starch, and formaldehyde are the most significant ones.
In many regions of the EU, non-wood forest products and services can be important for the local economy.
The forest based industries also use materials other than wood in their manufacturing. The principal ones are: