The revised Firearms Directive requires the Commission to adopt a number of implementing and delegated acts that aim at further enhancing the security dimension of the Directive.
These implementing and delegated acts include:
The implementing act is to define a set of technical specifications for the design or make of alarm and signal weapons to ensure that they cannot be converted into real firearms.
The Firearms Directive requires that firearms and their essential components, whether part of a firearm or placed separately on the market, have a clear, permanent and unique marking applied to them. The implementing act is to define a set of technical specifications to ensure the clarity and permanency of this unique marking.
The Firearms Directive requires the European Commission to adopt delegated acts on the setting up of an electronic system to exchange information between Member States on two processes (a) authorisations (licences) granted for the transfer of firearms to another Member State, and (b) on information with regard to refusals to grant authorisations to own a firearm on grounds of security or reliability of the persons concerned. In the case of the former, information is already exchanged between Member States in a non-systematic way through email and faxes that offered loopholes for frauds (e.g. falsification of documents).
Member States agreed to implement both information exchanges by using the Internal Market Information (IMI) System.
The Firearms Directive provides for the transfer of certain weapons without prior authorisation from Member States.
In particular, Article 11 (4) of the Directive states "Each Member State shall supply the other Member States with a list of firearms the transfer of which to its territory may be authorized without its prior consent. Such lists of firearms shall be communicated to dealers who have obtained approval for transferring firearms without prior authorization under the procedure laid down in paragraph 3.”
The Firearms Directive requires the European Commission to adopt standards and rules on the deactivation of firearms. The Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/2403 of 15 December 2015 (Deactivation Regulation) establishes common guidelines on deactivation within the EU with the objective to circumvent problems due to the illegal re-activation of firearms The Deactivation Regulation became applicable from 8 April 2016 whenever deactivated firearms are placed on the market or transferred to another Member State from that date.
This regulation sets out common and strict minimum criteria for the way EU countries must deactivate weapons so that they are rendered irreversibly inoperable.
The new EU rules on the deactivation of firearms foresee that the Commission publishes a list of all national entities authorised by EU countries to verify that firearms have been deactivated correctly (including their contact details and symbol (where applicable)).
In line with the provisions set out in the Firearms Directive to regularly review deactivation standards and techniques and in line with what was agreed with co-legislators during the trilogue negotiations on the revised Firearms Directive, the European Commission committed to review the Deactivation Regulation.
On 5 March 2018, the European Commission adopted an amended Deactivated Regulation (EU) 2018/337. The implementing Regulation shall apply from 28 June 2018 and aimed at improving clarity, avoid any ambiguities for practitioners, and ensure that the technical specifications are applicable to all types of firearms.
The revised Firearms Directive provides that Member States could notify to the European Commission, up to 13 August 2017, their national deactivation standards and techniques applied prior to 8 April 2016 (date of application of the EU deactivation rules). The Commission is to adopt implementing acts deciding whether these national deactivation rules ensure that firearms are deactivated ‘with a level of security equivalent’ to that ensured by Annex I of the EU Deactivation Regulation (EU) 2015/2403. The Netherlands and UK had notified their national rules. Commission Decision on the equivalence of these national rules with EU rules are under preparation based on the assessment of national deactivation experts.
The Firearms Directive introduced the European Firearms Pass, a document which is issued upon request by national authorities to a person lawfully possessing and using a firearm to be able to travel with a firearm while in the EU
Commission Recommendation 2005/11/EC and Article 1(3), Article 12 and Annex II of the Firearms Directive
The Commission has adopted a number of reports on the implementation of the Firearms Directive over the years: