Fashion and creative industries such as the textiles and clothing, footwear, and leather sectors, operate at the crossroads between arts, business, and technology. They are in a strategic position to link creativity to innovation at a time when culture-based creativity is an essential feature of business innovation in the new economy. Their potential to contribute to the re-industrialisation of Europe is often overlooked.
The Commission works to encourage innovation in the European fashion and creative industries. This is very important to the competitiveness of the industry as it cannot compete with emerging economies on price.
Counterfeiting is also an issue as far as competitiveness is concerned. The Commission works to fight fake goods and provide information on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
The Commission also works to give the industry better access to markets worldwide by dismantling tariffs and reducing non-tariff barriers with key trading partners.
Cultural and creative industries (CCIs) are at the heart of the creative economy: knowledge-intensive, based on individual creativity and talent, they generate huge economic wealth and preserve European identity, culture and values.
CCIs include a number of subsectors, such as architecture, archives and libraries, artistic crafts, cultural heritage, design, fashion, film, high, end, music, performing and virtual arts, publishing, radio, television and video-games.
The recent study: Boosting the competitiveness of cultural and creative industries for jobs and growth shows that CCIs employ more than 12 million people in the EU, which is 7.5% of all persons employed in the total economy. They are an important contributor to the economy with 5.3% of the total EU GVA and further 4% of nominal EU GDP generated by the high-end industries.
The fashion and high-end industries are a significant part of the creative economy and have the potential to contribute to the growth of manufacturing in Europe. These industries face a number of challenges that the Commission works to address. They include the growing number of counterfeit goods, the protection of intellectual property rights, and the difficulties small businesses face when looking for finance.
Textiles and clothing is a diverse sector that plays an important role in the European manufacturing industry. The Commission legislates on fibre names and labelling to offer consumers protection. It is also engaged in dialogues with non-EU countries on policy and regulatory issues that affect the textiles and clothing industry.
The European footwear industry is made up of diverse products and industrial processes. The Commission works to promote the innovation and competitiveness of firms and to combat counterfeiting, while protecting consumer health and the environment. It also provides legislation that manufacturers must follow.
The EU is a major actor of the global leather market. Its leather industry is made up of diverse products and industrial processes. The Commission works to promote the innovation and competitiveness of firms in the field, while protecting consumer health and the environment.