Electrical and electronic engineering industries (EEI) include electrical devices, radio equipment and telecommunications industries. Examples are mobile phones, the mobile network infrastructure, tv sets, power supply units, wireless routers, maritime radars, sensors, and much more.
EU policies affecting electrical and electronic engineering industries (EEI) cover 3 major areas.
1. Electromagnetic compatibility: regulated by the electromagnetic compatibility directive (EMC), covering all equipment that can generate or be affected by electromagnetic disturbance.
2. Low voltage electrical equipment: regulated by the low voltage directive (LVD), covering health and safety risks caused by electrical equipment of specific voltage ranges.
3. Radio and telecommunication terminal equipment: regulated by the radio equipment directive (RED). It applies to all products using the radio frequency spectrum.
The European EEI needs to overcome the following challenges