Technical harmonisation in the EU is based on the Whole Vehicle Type-Approval System (WVTA). Under the WVTA, a manufacturer can obtain certification for a vehicle type in one EU country and market it EU-wide without further tests. The certification is issued by a type-approval authority and the tests are carried out by the designated technical services.
The new EU vehicle type-approval framework applies across the EU from 1 September 2020.
The regulation makes vehicle testing more independent and increases surveillance of cars already in circulation. It
The new rules go together with Commission initiatives such as the proposal for a new deal for consumers. In a Dieselgate-type scenario, this initiative allows victims of unfair commercial practices to obtain remedies collectively through a representative action.
Approval authorities are established or appointed by EU countries and notified to the Commission. The approval authorities have competence for
See the lists of approval authorities in the EU countries below.
EU countries establish or appoint market surveillance authorities and notify the Commission about them. The market surveillance authorities ensure that vehicles, systems, components and separate technical units, including parts and equipment, made available on the market comply with EU harmonisation legislation requirements. The surveillance authorities also make sure vehicles and their elements do not endanger health, safety, the environment or any other aspect of public interest protection.
A certificate of conformity is a statement by the manufacturer that the vehicle conforms to EU type-approval requirements. EU countries cannot refuse to register vehicles if they are accompanied by a valid CoC that proves their compliance with EU law.
A technical service is an organisation or a body designated by the national approval authority as a:
EU countries have to notify the Commission of the name and details of designated technical services for
Lists of technical services for each EU country