EU – Mediterranean cooperation

EU – Mediterranean cooperation

The EU and its Mediterranean neighbours are creating an area of shared prosperity through industrial cooperation via the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euro-Med).

As part of the cooperation, EU and Mediterranean industry ministers meet at regular intervals to take stock of progress, decide on future priorities, and adopt a multi-annual work programme. On 19 February 2014, they adopted a declaration (144 kB) outlining priority work areas for the years ahead.


The 2014-2016 work programme

The 2014-2016 work programme (363 kB)

Improving the business climate; promoting entrepreneurship, innovation and SMEs

Evaluation of the implementation of the Small Business Act

Progress in implementing the Small Business Act (SBA) for Europe has been assessed.

A report, 'The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2014 - Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe' (4 MB) was published in September 2014.

The results of the assessment were presented in Mediterranean neighbour countries. This was followed by a two-day training seminar which focused on the needs identified for each country in the assessment.

An EU-supported project, Enhancement of the business environment in the Southern Mediterranean (EBESM) , helps countries to implement the recommendations formulated in the assessment.

Meetings during the 2014 SME Assembly

In the framework of the 2014 SME Assembly, which was held in Naples, Italy, a technical meeting of delegates from Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Libya, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia was held in October 2014. This technical meeting was followed by an SME Internationalisation Forum that focused on 'Boosting SMEs under Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation'.

Encouraging SMEs to innovate, export and become international

Enterprise Europe Network

The next call for expressions of interest to participate in the Enterprise Europe Network on a self-financing basis is expected to be published beginning of 2016. Egypt and Israel have already joined the Enterprise Europe Network. Tunisia and Jordan have applied to do so.

EU support to business and investment partnerships in the South Mediterranean

The EUROMED Invest project coordinated by ANIMA with the support of the Commission, was launched on 26 May 2014 in Marseilles. The project aims at boosting business and private investments within the Euro-Med area to contribute to an inclusive economic development of the region. The specific objective of the project is to empower Euro-Med business and investment networks to implement targeted strategies supporting the creation and the international development of micro small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the most promising sectors for job creation and economic spillovers. Such sectors are: agri-food, transport and logistics, cultural and creative industries, water and green energies, and tourism. This project builds on the earlier regional Invest in Med programme.

See also:

EuroMed Innovative Entrepreneurs for change

Results obtained under this Preparatory Action on EU cluster-related initiatives for 4 South Mediterranean countries have been summed up for each of its component parts a) Cluster Excellence Management (Euromed Cluster Excellence); b) Innovation Management Support Services (Euromed IMP³rove); and c) Support to Cluster Cooperation, Start-ups, Investors and Management of Intellectual Property (Euromed@Change).

The final conference of the project Euromed@Change was held in Brussels on 30 September 2014. It was hosted by EBN and the project coordinator, ANIMA Network. More than 100 participants and expert panellists showcased the results and best practices from the project after two years of activities in Europe and in the four targeted Mediterranean countries: Lebanon, Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt.

Establishing a large pan-Euro-Mediterranean market for industrial products

Agreements on Conformity Assessment and Acceptance of industrial products (ACAAs)

The European Commission is preparing ACAAs with Mediterranean neighbour countries.

Technical Barriers to Trade

The European Commission has recently revamped its public database on the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO-TBT) notifications. The website contains a comprehensive search function, a user-friendly explanation of the TBT notification procedure and a alert system that allows users to be automatically informed when a new notified text is received in the selected categories.

Pan-Euro-Med (PEM) convention and rules of origin

The regional PEM agreement on the pan-Euro-Mediterranean rules of preferential origin will replace the rules of origin protocols of all the existing free trade agreements of the pan-Euro-Mediterranean region with one single instrument.

Dialogues on the textiles and clothing, and creative industries

The Euro-Mediterranean Dialogue on the textile and clothing industry

The Euro-Mediterranean Dialogue on the textile and clothing industry has been conducted successfully with Mediterranean partner countries since 2004. The dialogue provides a platform for an exchange of experiences and information on available instruments and initiatives to improve the competitiveness of the textile and clothing industry across the Euro-Mediterranean Area. Participants represent national administrations, industrial associations, chambers of commerce, enterprises, trade unions, and research and educational centres involved in the textile and clothing sector from EU countries, Mediterranean partner countries and the Western Balkans.

On 24-25 March 2014 the tenth anniversary of the Euro-Mediterranean dialogue on textile and clothing was celebrated in Florence with a conference on creativity, design, innovation and intellectual property rights (IPR).

On 27-28 April 2015, a conference on 'Digital integration and efficiency: opportunities in textile and clothing value chains across the Euro-Mediterranean Area' took place in Krakow, Poland.

Development of Clusters in Cultural and Creative Industries in the Southern Mediterranean

This project is coordinated by UNIDO (the United Nations Industrial Development Organization) with the support of the European Commission and was launched on 17 October 2014 in Tunis.

Countries involved

EU Member States (from the Europa website) and our Mediterranean partners: Albania, Algeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine* (Syria), Tunisia and Turkey (country information from the European External Action Service website)

*This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of EU Member States on this issue

Working party and ministerial meetings

The Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation coordinates industrial cooperation and monitors implementation of the work programme.

It is composed of representatives from public authorities and business associations from EU and Mediterranean neighbour countries, international organisations and certain EU institutions.

Latest meeting

On 26-27 October 2017, the 1st Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) expert technical meeting (previously called the Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation) took place in Barcelona. The meeting was organised by  the UfM secretariat (UfMS) and the Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (DG GROW), and co-chaired by DG GROW and Jordan. Delegates from the European Commission (DG GROW and DG European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations), South Mediterranean partner countries, EU countries (France, Germany, Czech Republic, Belgium, Portugal and Malta), Turkey, Montenegro and Albania, the OECD, the European Training Foundation and the UfMS discussed the new structure of cooperation under the UfM umbrella and the 2018-2020 draft work programme on industrial cooperation prepared by DG GROW.

Previous meetings


On 8 March 2017, the Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean Industrial Cooperation met in Brussels to report on achievements of the 2014-2016 work programme and start a discussion on the future work programme. The meeting was attended by representatives from the Mediterranean partner countries (SBA coordinators, representatives from the ministry in charge and from businesses organisations), from EU countries and institutions, and from private sector organisations; in total some 80 participants.

The following day, a specific meeting of the SBA coordinators took place to discuss the state of play of the implementation of the SBA measures in more detail: what remains to be done, next steps that should be carried over to the next work programme and new items for the next work programme.

Agenda and presentations


On 23 February 2016, the Euro-Mediterranean Working Group on Industrial Cooperation met in Brussels. Representatives from South Mediterranean countries, the EU, its member countries, the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) secretariat, several NGOs and business organisations came together to share information on SME and industrial policies, and related programmes, and to facilitate the transfer of know-how and good practice at Euro-Mediterranean level. The meeting allowed the representatives of the administrations and business support organisations of the partner countries to exchange among each other, and with the other participants, on the progress they made in the Work Programme on the EuroMed Industrial Cooperation, and on the way forward.

Report of the meeting


The Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation met in Brussels on 24-25 February 2015 to update and implement the 2014-2016 work programme (337 kB). This event coincided with the 20th anniversary of the Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation process.

Documents and presentations


Ministerial meeting of the Union for the Mediterranean

On 19 February 2014, representatives (75 kB) from more than 30 Euro-Med countries and partner organisations came together at the Union for the Mediterranean’s (UfM) Ninth ministerial meeting (68 kB) on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation, held in Brussels. They adopted a declaration (144 kB) and a work programme for 2014-2016 (363 kB).

The EU was represented by Antonio Tajani, former Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship, who co-chaired the meeting with Jordan's Minister for Industry and Trade, Hatem Hafez Al-Halawani Al-Tamimi.

Working Party meeting January 2014

The Working Party on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation met in Brussels on 21-22 January 2014 to prepare for the 9th Union for the Mediterranean ministerial meeting on Euro-Mediterranean industrial cooperation.

Documents and presentations from the 2014 Working Party



Working Party meeting July 2013

The Working Party met on 25-26 July in Brussels to review progress and plan the next steps in implementing the 2013-2014 work programme (135 kB).

Meeting of national coordinators of the Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise, November 2013

The national coordinators of the Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise met in Barcelona on 13-14 November to review the progress in the assessment of the Euro-Med Charter/SBA for Europe, to discuss a strategy for Euro-Mediterranean enterprise development, and to examine financial literacy for SMEs and entrepreneurs and access to finance.


The Working Party reviewed its progress and planned the next steps in implementing the 2011-2012 work programme. It also started to discuss the 2013-2014 work programme.

Documents and presentations from the 2012 Working Party



Working party meeting, February 2011

Documents and presentations from the meeting

Eighth meeting of Industry Ministers, May 2011

Industry ministers met in Malta and adopted a work programme for 2011-2012 (231 kB).

Meeting of national coordinators of the Euro-Mediterranean Charter for Enterprise

Agenda (12 kB)

Working Party meeting November 2011

Documents and presentations from the meeting



Working party meeting February 2010

Documents and presentations from the meeting

Working party meeting June 2010

Documents and presentations from the meeting

Working party meeting October 2010

Documents and presentations from the meeting



Working party meeting June 2009

Documents and presentations from the meeting



Industry Ministers meeting

In November 2008 Industry Ministers met for the seventh time and adopted conclusions and a 2009-2010 work programme (190 kB)

Conclusions from 2008 ministerial meeting (125 kB)

Earlier actions and events







Reference documents