The call for tender is divided into 2 lots:
Lot 1 - Professionals' incentives in health professions: behavioural economics approach
Lot 2 - Professionals' incentives in business services professions: behavioural economics approach
The study is expected to employ behavioural analysis to focus on the motives that cause professionals to behave in a socially-desirable way, including the incentives provided by professional regulation.
Professional regulation should be understood as a specific type of rule that is directly linked to the particular profession itself. For this reason, professional regulation goes beyond general legal rules (civil law, tort law and commercial law) that streamline and facilitate commercial transactions, but it should also be differentiated from activity/product-related risk regulation (health and safety regulation, environmental regulation, consumer protection law, etc.) that likewise seeks to correct market failures.
Indeed, due to the complex nature of certain professional service activities, such professional rules will often not directly prescribe the desired outcome or process of the service provision but will seek to induce 'proper behaviour' of the professionals 'indirectly', via mechanisms such as licensing or title protection (entry regulation), fee restrictions, advertising restrictions or conflict of interests rules (conduct regulation).
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