As highlighted in the European Commission's Communication "Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility" [COM(2013) 913 final]; new approaches to urban mobility planning are emerging as local authorities seek to break out of past silo approaches and develop strategies that can stimulate a shift towards cleaner and more sustainable transport modes, such as walking, cycling, public transport, and new patterns for car use and ownership.
The Commission has actively promoted the concept of sustainable urban mobility planning for several years, e.g. through the EU Platform on Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans. The concept has gained considerable momentum in recent years, and an increasing number of towns and cities from the EU and beyond have used this to make good progress in developing and implementing such plans, often (within the EU) benefiting from significant support from e.g. the European Structural and Investment Funds. In other urban areas, however, the efforts for more sustainable urban mobility could be reinforced.
In many urban areas, urban transport planning is still primarily focused on infrastructure projects, rather than fostering new urban mobility paradigms and patterns. It is important to link successfully political vision, strategic planning, and the needs and expectations of citizens and businesses.
A clearer picture is needed regarding the state-of-play of the SUMP implementation across the EU; about where the main bottlenecks lie for the broader implementation of sustainable urban mobility policies; and about what is and should be done at EU and national level in support of municipalities. Currently there are many approaches to SUMPs at national level, and municipalities indicate that the lack of national/regional support (including financing) and adequate regulatory framework are among the main barriers to develop SUMPs.
EU targets and policies, and national frameworks have an impact on the way and capacity of local authorities to develop adequate mobility policies in their municipalities. Thus the EU and national governments need to create an enabling environment to support action by local authorities.
Reinforce, update and disseminate information on the SUMP framework – at both EU level and in the Member States – in order to encourage more urban areas to adopt and implement SUMPs, in particular:
- Present an analysis of the national frameworks (policy, regulatory, knowledge, financing) that exist in the 28 MS (to update/replace the country profiles available via the SUMP platform.
- Based on above, strengthen the national framework to facilitate and support implementation of SUMPs.
- Create an overview of the state-of-play for implementing urban transport plans (to feed into a single city database of the SUMP platform ον ELTIS – the urban mobility observatory). Analyse both the good practice and the shortcomings for SUMP implementation.
- Update the guidelines and tools available from the Platform on Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans in line with recent developments in transport and mobility (digitalisation and automation, shared mobility and new mobility services, alternative fuels (including a link to planning of energy infrastructure), urban vehicle access regulation schemes/low emission zones, urban logistics, regional SUMPs etc.). The planning concept has to accommodate the need to shift the focus from the needs of the transport sector to the needs to people (quality of life; health, etc.).
- Provide targeted EU financial support for the development, revision, and implementation of comprehensive sustainable urban transport plans.
- Present an analysis of the national frameworks that exist in the 28 MS in order to create a complete overview of the state-of-play for implementing urban transport plans and complete country profiles available via the SUMP platform, on ELTIS – the urban mobility observatory.
- Provide appropriate framework conditions in the Member States at national level (so that planning authorities have suitable technical, legal, financial and other tools at their disposal) in order to accelerate the take-up of SUMPs for the urban areas (including small and medium-sized; poly-centric, etc.) in every EU Member State.
- Populate a single SUMP city database on ELTIS – the urban mobility observatory.
- Produce a set of examples of good practice with regard to SUMPs, from across the EU, covering towns and cities of different sizes.
- Publish updated SUMP guidelines (and other related documents, if needed).
- Strengthen the SUMP Platform, including its Coordination Group, and ensure its future continuity in order to provide quality support to all SUMP-related actions and projects. Assess the tools made available by the Platform and improve where found necessary, e.g. in order to accommodate better accelerated innovation cycles and data-based planning.
- Introduction to the Draft Action Plan of the Partnership on Urban Mobility
- Draft Action 1
- Draft Action 2
- Draft Action 3
- Draft Action 4
- Draft Action 5
- Draft Action 6
- Draft Action 7
- Draft Action 8
- Background document
- Urban Mobility full Draft Action Plan
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