Developing and implementing comprehensive and integrated urban mobility policies for towns and cities, as well as the functional urban area, requires close cooperation between different levels of government (in particular municipal) and across administrative boundaries. Furthermore, the key players for different policy areas, sectors, and modes of transport need to be brought together. This includes public authorities with explicit responsibilities in the field of mobility and transport, but also other relevant actors such as urban planners, schools and universities, major employers, representatives of civil society.
Last but not least a good cooperation with national and EU-level institutions is needed to ensure that local and regional mobility policies, on the one hand, and the development of national and EU transport networks, on the other hand fit together. Good cooperation with national and EU institutions is also needed to ensure that the regulatory and financial framework created at these levels responds to local and functional urban needs and circumstances. This is also particularly relevant in the case of cross-border cooperation for mobility projects.
There is broad agreement today that tackling urban mobility requires multi-level governance and partnership approaches which ensure a high degree of horizontal and vertical integration.
But how to implement such integrated, multi-partner approaches in practice, in a way that respects the respective competences and responsibilities of all involved actors and delivers good results in a timely and efficient manner?
So, what working structures, formal or informal, have been or could be put in place to facilitate the planning and funding processes for local and regional authorities?
The present action seeks to collect and share examples of practical experiences with multi-level governance and partnership approaches that have been implemented on the ground, in urban and functional urban areas (including polycentric, urban / rural areas) across Europe.
Formal and informal multi-level cooperation mechanisms, including planning and financing schemes, e.g. for the development and implementation of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans and the further implementation of transport infrastructure, including on the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) will be collected in order to identify solutions to better collaborate between different levels of governments and transport authorities in terms of funding and legal frameworks.
In doing so, it will be important to point out the added value of multi-level governance for cities/municipalities and to provide practical recommendations. Challenges and barriers of multi-level governance should also be included. We also recommend to ensure links and synergies are made with other EU urban agenda partnerships.
The PUM high-level political meeting in Karlsruhe on 6 March 2018 should help to raise awareness on this action and already provide some feedback.
- Literature review and desktop research on existing materials available on multi-level governance in urban mobility policies (studies, EU projects, SUMP awards, URBACT, etc.)
- An external expert to develop a questionnaire with the partners of WG4
- Widely circulate the questionnaire to the Partnership members and their relevant networks (Member States, urban areas, EUROCITIES, UITP, ECF, Polis, CEMR, EC Directorates-General, etc.). The questionnaire should be addressed to all levels of governance and cooperation (EU, Member States, regions, cities, and also the cross-border level). Possibly organise bilateral meetings, interviews and focus group meetings.
- Compile and analyse all the contributions
- Formulate recommendations on national and local authorities’ involvement
- Develop a joint publication
- Dissemination of the publication to national, local and regional authorities
Many actors, including the European Commission, have actively promoted the concept of multi-level governance for several years. Cooperation across different levels of government should be fostered. However concrete examples of mechanisms need to be found out and shared between functional urban areas and Member States to develop the right conditions for such cooperation. Such analysis does not exist yet.
- Introduction to the Draft Action Plan of the Partnership on Urban Mobility
- Draft Action 1
- Draft Action 2
- Draft Action 3
- Draft Action 4
- Draft Action 5
- Draft Action 6
- Draft Action 7
- Draft Action 9
- Background document
- Urban Mobility full Draft Action Plan
- About the Public Feedback