The state and municipal governments collect data to fulfil their various duties. Increasingly, the information which they store is not available elsewhere and could be used for many purposes. For some branches of government, rules about data sharing are permissive, but the use of personal data is limited by the purposes defined in law and the complicated practices related to granting permissions to access.
The MyData principles start from the idea that people should have control over the data about them. They suggest that people should have practical tools for authorising the reuse of their data in other services and to make choices about its processing. Making data available through such means could reduce the costs of developing new services and experimentation in both the private and public sector. At the same time, they would make public services more understandable and strengthen the rights individuals to their own data.
MyData declaration: “As the importance of personal data in society continues to expand, it becomes increasingly urgent to ensure that individuals are in a position to know and control their personal data, but also to gain personal knowledge from them and to claim their share of their benefits.”
Today, the balance of power is largely tilted towards organisations who alone have the power to collect, trade and make decisions based on personal data, whereas individuals can only hope, if they work hard, to gain some control over what happens with their data. There are expectations that the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) which will come into force in May 2018 will improve the current situation. The shifts and principles that we lay out in this Declaration aim at restoring balance and moving towards a human-centric vision of personal data. We believe they are the conditions for a just, sustainable and prosperous digital society whose foundations are:
- Trust and confidence, that rest on balanced and fair relationships between people, as well as between people and organisations;
- Self-determination, that is achieved, not only by legal protection, but also by proactive actions to share the power of data with individuals;
- Maximising the collective benefits of personal data, by fairly sharing them between organisations, individuals and society within the legal protection framework.
The MyData principles can be implemented in several different ways. There is a need to develop new platforms in a way that allows data controllers/data registries to choose appropriate means to make personal data accessible/available for data sharing to their individual situation, enabling service providers to offer machine-readable personal data via APIs. Public bodies should also work to create trust, for instance, through templates for terms and conditions in sharing data commonly understandable ways of expressing how personal data is used.
Level of governance: (EU – Member state – Local).
- Common understanding of the basics on using personal data
- A roadmap at a European level on “mydata” based on personal clouds, including innovation and research (with technical and social concerns).
- Practical use cases (health, energy transition).
- The general understanding and a global roadmap from local to global should be achieved with close collaboration with mydata.org network. The timeline would be Q3/18.
- MyData portability is studied with most promising approaches, including MyData operator model, personal cloud, personal data account, data standardisation, etc. These are studied in city driven developmental projects which are using innovation partnership (PCP, PPI) funding instruments. The cities’ role is open innovation partnership calls, and co-create the future solutions with companies.
- The action is implemented by identifying the focus and use cases with cities, which are interested in the action, and sharing the good practices between the cities.
- The concrete practices will be generated within chosen use cases, which are determined by cities.
- The generated MyData practices will be used in upcoming H2020 MyData calls. A coordination action is therefore needed to bring together the knowledge and drive the policy accordingly.
To be discussed.
Oulu and Lyon.
- Introduction to the Draft Action Plan of the Partnership on Digital Transition
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