The state and municipal governments collect data to fulfil their various duties. Public services are collecting more and more personal data from their citizens due to digital service platforms. The data collection is also based on novel digital technologies, sensors and personal devices, which people are carrying with them every day. The data generated by people can also be a powerful tool for the urban planning, but the knowledge of exploiting the citizen generated data is very poor in public sector. In addition, people do not understand the power of their personal data in service development and the possibility to co-design new services with the public authorities.
There is a need to increase the awareness of new models and impact to exploit the personal data as a new source of information in urban planning. The human-centric data management is one of the models and it is called MyData model.
The MyData principles start from the idea that people should have control over the data about themselves. They suggest that people should have practical tools for authorising the reuse of their data in other services and to make choices about its processing in line with the GDPR, in particular Art. 20. Making data available through human centric data management model could reduce the costs of developing new services and experimentation in both the private and public sector. At the same time, they would make public services more understandable and strengthen the rights individuals to their own data. Today, public and private sector have the power to collect, trade and make decisions on personal data.
As the importance of personal data in society continues to expand, it becomes increasingly urgent to ensure that individuals are in a position to know and control their personal data. In EU, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into application in May 2018, which strengthens the rights of individuals. The MyData model is aligned with the GDPR and will, in fact, support the implementation of GDPR.
The shifts and principles that MyData principles aim at ensures effective protection of personal data. We believe they are the conditions for a just, sustainable and prosperous digital society whose foundations are:
- Trust and confidence, that rest on balanced and fair relationships between people, as well as between people and organisations.
- Self-determination, i.e. a person’s right to determine how her/his data is used and which personalised services she/he wants to receive based on this data.
- Maximising the collective benefits of personal data, by fairly sharing them between organisations, individuals and society in compliance with GDPR and within the legal protection framework.
The MyData principles can be implemented in several different ways. There is a need to develop new platforms in a way that allows data controllers/and data processors to choose appropriate means to make personal data accessible/available for data sharing based on their individual situation and in compliance with GDPR, enabling service providers to offer machine-readable personal data via APIs. Public bodies should also work to create trust, for instance, through templates for terms and conditions in sharing data commonly understandable ways of expressing how personal data is used.
The impact of implementing MyData on the government and other stakeholders should be demonstrated through case studies. The improved availability of information enables personalised services and new kinds of applications, for instance, moving health care to a preventative direction (Smart, healthy city).
Level of governance: (EU – Member state – Local)
France has been experimenting with MyData for 4 years involving Lyon Metropolis, member of the EU DT partnership. The main goal now is to go from a local experiment to a scaled-up project. The goal of this action is to build a roadmap from local to global including governance and research (think global), and practical use cases in link with the MyData organisation (start small) and the will to scale-up fast with the emergence of European digital champions. Cities shall be involved in the “MyData” subject because:
- Cities have a lot of personal data and should be exemplary in this “vendor relationship management” approach (VRM).
- Cities have a role to play to restore an improved information balance between citizens and public and private operators: This is a democratic issue.
- “MyData” is an opportunity to create new services combining personal data with the privacy of the citizen, in compliance with GDPR. Thus, there is also an economic development issue.
- “MyData” strategy should be at a European level to facilitate the emergence of European digital champions in a global digital world. No European country is large enough to contain this subject alone in a global digital world (cf. President Macron speech in China: “to advance sufficiently and be competitive with the American and Chinese players we need a true, integrated market”). European citizens are aware of the use of their own data as a result of European history much more than elsewhere in the world: there is a unique opportunity for Europe to take the lead on this subject
- “MyData” is a mind-set shift which needs to be accompanied: citizen, operators processing personal data, start-ups creating new services. Public authorities as the organising authority for data governance should help this transformation
- Awareness raising in personal data management models.
- A roadmap at a European level on “MyData” based on personal clouds, including innovation and research (with technical and social concerns)
- Concrete practices in processing personal data usage, including templates and data protection/ privacy policies.
- Practical user cases (health, energy transition)
- The general understanding and a global roadmap from local to global should be achieved with close collaboration with mydata.org network. The timeline would be Q3/18.
- MyData portability is studied with most promising approaches, including MyData operator model, personal cloud, personal data account, data standardisation, etc. These are studied in city driven developmental projects which are using innovation partnership (PCP, PPI) funding instruments. The role of cities in open innovation partnership calls, and in co-creating the future solutions with companies and civil society organisations.
- The action is implemented by identifying the focus and use cases with cities, which are interested in the action, and sharing the good practices between the cities.
- The concrete practices will be generated within chosen use cases, which are determined by cities.
- The generated MyData practices will be used in potential actions to be proposed for funding under the H2020. A coordination action is therefore needed to bring together the knowledge and drive the policy accordingly
To be discussed
Oulu and Lyon
- Action 1
- Action 2
- Action 3
- Action 4
- Action 5
- Action 6
- Action 7
- Action 8
- Action 10
- Action 11
- Action 12
- Action 13
- Action 14
- Action 15
- Digital Transition full Action Plan
 Models and impact of MyData: Human-centric management and processing of public sector personal data, Kuitunen et al. 2017)