Bottleneck to be addressed
Currently, the level and progress of Europe’s digital performance is measured regularly only at the Member State level. EU member states’ digital competitiveness is measured by the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), a composite index summarising progress on connectivity, digital skills, use of internet by citizens, integration of digital technology by businesses and digital public services. The annual eGovernment Benchmark looks at the availability and usability of digital public services in EU Member States, indicates a need for improvement in transparency of public services delivery and use of supporting technology like eIDs or eDocuments. No such joint index, which is measured regularly, exists currently at the local government level.
Some other indices exist which touch upon the digital economy and society, some of these at sub-national level, such as the Global Entrepreneurship Index (GEDI); the Regional Entrepreneurship and Development (REDI); the Digital Entrepreneurship Monitor (DEM); the Atlas of ICT Poles of Excellence (EIPE); the IESE Cities in Motion Index; the Global Innovation Index (GII); the Compass / Startup Genome Global Startup Ecosystem Ranking; the Kauffman Index; the World Economic Forum Networked Readiness Index (NRI); the European Regional Economic Growth Index (E-REGI) and others.
City level digitalisation in entrepreneurship is monitored on a project-based approach since 2015 by the European Digital City Index 2016 . It combines forty different variables to produce a composite measure of how well 60 different European cities support startups and scale-ups. The index to measure yearly different aspects of digitalisation of society and economy in European cities is missing so far. Therefore, it is difficult to assess and benchmark with comparable data the digital competitiveness of European cities and urban areas. Inability to measure progress at the level closest to citizens undermines Europe’s goals to increase its competitiveness globally.
Objective of the action – Regularly updated knowledge on EU cities’ digitalisation level and performance.
Main goal the action is implementing: Goal 5: Enabling citizen-centric e-governance.
Level of governance: EU, Member State, Local (all).
This action aims at creating an index on the state of digitalisation which would be measured at a local, including urban level. DESI local is needed as a first step to understand digital coverage and performance at urban level and a great opportunity to address local policies to increase the use of digital services for citizens. It would help overcome the gap of comparable hard data on the level of digitalisation of EU local government, including urban areas, and allow developing better services to citizens. It is important to evaluate the level of diffusion of the main indicators that generate national level DESI at local and urban level to allow for cities and urban areas’ comparison to other cities and national average development levels. To guarantee the comparison among different cities in Europe, it is important to use the same list of indicators and the same evaluation method. Therefore, there should be an agreement reached on setting up and measuring similarly DESI local index between EU Member States.
In addition, it is necessary to include in the “Local DESI” indicators that characterise a specific urban area, for example, by measuring the level of citizens’ digital participation (by using the data analysis of “participation area” in the portal or the number of accesses at available assisted places.
- Analysis of data sources for DESI local to assess which data sources for the proposed index already exist and which are missing
- Development of DESI local index (composite)
- Assessment of estimated costs related to data collection for DESI local from 3-5 Member States as a first step
- Proposal for agreement between Member States
First, the proposal for a composite DESI index at the local level will be elaborated by the partnership including relevant indicators covering various aspects of digitalisation, similarly to DESI at the Member State level. There should be an EU level agreement to enforce the DESI index at local level to guarantee in the future the coverage of all/most Member States. As the first step, the partnership calculates the related costs of collecting data for DESI local for 3-5 Member States to assess the feasibility to spread this across EU. National statistical systems should contribute to the National Statistical Programme by introducing the DESI implementation at local, including urban level. Partners will also investigate the possibility to use other sources of data besides statistics, such as household surveys, customer journeys, etc.
This process must then be inserted into the National Statistical Programme, approved by each national/regional government. Once it has been identified how the data collection process can be performed, it is necessary to establish who the actors are and their relationship (is it the same local administration or a data supplier?). Partners will investigate whether the collection of some data could eventually be automated. Analysis to identify the data source at local level for each indicator must be carried out and a cost-benefit analysis to optimise the statistical process performed. The Statistical Offices at local level are the main actors to be involved.
- Preparation: 2018 Q2 –Q3 Preparation of the DESI local composite.
- Implementation: 2018 Q3 – 2019 Q3 Assessment of available data sources; estimate of costs.
- Assessment: 2019 Q4 – Development of Proposal for Member States.
Rome and Estonia.
- Introduction to the Draft Action Plan of the Partnership on Digital Transition
- Draft action 1: Mainstreaming EU Digital Competence Framework for citizens into daily use
- Draft action 2: Digital Neighbourhood Instrument
- Draft action 3: Capacity-Building and Spreading of Pilots in Regions and Cities
- Draft Action 4: Helping cities develop a user-centric eGovernment model
- Draft Action 6: Build a data taxonomy at a European level
- Draft Action 7: Access and reuse of private sector data of general interest by the public authorities
- Draft Action 8: Specify and monitoring of standardised Planned Land Use data for formal and informal urban planning participation processes
- Draft Action 9: MyData in digital transition. Elaboration of a European roadmap on “MyData”
- Draft Action 10: Building innovation and dissemination accelerator
- Draft Action 11: Support agile experimentation of emerging digital technologies
- Draft Action 12: Implementing the digital framework for emerging technologies within the digital infrastructure
- Draft Action 13: Co-creating a business model approach for cities
- Draft Action 14: Development of 5G regulation to enable local micro-operators in cities
- Draft Action 15: Strengthen the ability for cities to act within the digital transition
- Digital Transition full Draft Action Plan
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