Quantum Engineering for Silicon Technology

  • Carla Moris profile
    Carla Moris
    1 May 2016 - updated 2 years ago
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Contribution received to the FET Flagships consultation:Quantum Engineering for Silicon Technology

Author: Enrico Prati, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

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The semiconductor annual revenue of Europe has remained substantially unchanged since 2000,while the market has expanded of a factor of two (see Figure 1 Left). Such decrease of marketshare by about a half, despite the increase in demand, can be attributed to a number of factors,including insufficient creation of new actors, insufficient technology transfer from the publicresearch environment to industry and a lack of measures to create a single domain. The size ofsemiconductor industries in the European Union is comparable to those of Taiwan, justfragmented across many sites.Novel application of widely studied quantum phenomena such as superposition, quantumparallelism, wavefunction collapse and entanglement could be in principle exploited to radicallyimprove functionalities for several applications, ranging from solving optimization problems suchas protein folding, molecular matching, medical applications, stock market simulations, tocommunication systems, space industry and biological analysis1.One of the biggest obstacles to convert successful demonstration of the working principles ofquantum phenomena to massively produced industrial applications, beneficial to society, is thelack of an engineered approach to the full stack of technologies and elements required to ensurerepeatability, scalability and massive control of quantum effects. Atomic scale fabrication ofelectronic devices is expected to boost advancements beyond as well as alternate to Moore’slaw. However, there is still a lack of the complete supply chain ranging from the building-blockssuch as atoms and electrons, to packaging and control based on standard electronics, physicallyand robustly realising theoretical models. Such gap prevents the full exploitation of quantummechanics in high impact information and communication technologies and a boost of the ITmarket.

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