Climate adaptation needs for long term strategy and this is not the main dimension of political will and decision-making. Multilevel strategic spatial planning and urban development planning is one of the best tools to respond to complex challenges of climate change. But existing regulation documents and tools on urban planning related to climate adaptation are not detailed enough, or do not contain the relevant information to be used by the target audience. In other cases, regulations are not efficient. This need is particularly important for the regional and local authorities. Municipalities find it difficult to make effective use of the existing regulatory documents and tools. Also, there is a lack of effective participatory tools for multilevel governance, cooperation concerning the connection between risk management, climate adaptation planning and urban planning. There are no effective regulatory tools of stakeholders’ involvement and engagement in urban planning, and we do not know, if there is any specificity of this regulation in risk and climate adaptation field or no. The existing national, regional and local case studies and good practice examples on regulation are too few and not accessible to their respective target groups.
NOTE: Bottlenecks addressed: 2, 3, 4, 26 (See the Annex F on the Draft Action Plan)
In Europe national governments are generally responsible for urban matters’ regulation, and there are many ways. But multilevel nature of climate change makes it important to revise these tools on a larger, European scale. The EU Adaptation Strategy (2013) includes Action 5: Further develop Climate-ADAPT as the ‘one-stop shop’ for adaptation information in Europe. It aims to contribute to the objective of better-informed decision making by providing access to information on climate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation via Climate-ADAPT knowledge platform. This platform contains a vast amount of resources on adaptation, including case studies and best practices examples, for the use of different governance levels. Urban Adaptation Support Tool has been developed specifically in support of regional and local level adaptation action. Furthermore, the European Environment Agency is issuing regular reports on national and urban adaptation planning. These, often very comprehensive, reports include a wide variety of case studies and best practices examples. Covenant of Mayors together with the Joint Research Centre of the Commission provide knowledge, how their technical guidance support municipalities in their development of sustainable energy and climate plans (SECAPs), local monitoring and reporting template for adaptation. Extensive communication material, such as best practices brochures, case studies, fact sheets are produced and disseminated by the Covenant of Mayors, all available on line. Nevertheless, there is an important need to review and update the existing guidance material and tools with particular attention to their integration into the regulation system of national, regional and local level. In addition, further work on the development and collection of case studies and the best practice examples in regulation, as well as making them available for the respective audiences. Also, there is a need to strengthen linkages between climate plans (like SECAPs) and urban plans (throughout regulation) for more effective and integrated climate adaptation.
Revising all available regulation of urban development and planning in context of European and national adaptation planning, like the Urban Adaptation Support Tool, sustainable energy and climate action plans, green infrastructure plans and possibly other guidance and tools that may be identified as the work progresses. Collaboration with national authorities, the Covenant of Mayors and other relevant partners will be important. Developing and collecting case studies and good practices examples and making them available for each member states.
Implementation: The action is proposed to be implemented in 2019 before preparation of national Operational Programmes of ERDF and will consider inclusion of any new or reinforced action.
Funding Sources and Needs: National funding sources.
Implementation Risks: Lack of capacity of national authorities. Lack of information or lack of clear regulation related to urban planning and climate adaptation.
Responsible Institution: National governments.
Contributing Institutions: EEA, Covenant of Mayors Office, JRC, Ministry of Environment in Poland and Hungary, Loule.
- 06.2019 Progress monitoring
- 12.2019 Progress monitoring
- 06.2020 Progress monitoring
Indicator of Completion: Revised regulation systems of at least half of Member States.
- Draft Action R2: Further involvement of national municipality associations and Covenant of Mayors as key facilitators and supporters of local authorities
- Draft Action F1: Guidelines and toolkits for adaptation economic analysis
- Draft Action F2: Recommendations for the Ops of the ERDF in order to improve access for municipalities
- Draft Action F3: A new LIFE for urban adaptation projects
- Draft Action F4: Further support for the drafting of local adaptation plans
- Draft Action K1: Improving data accessibility for EU Municipalities in the framework of COPERNICUS
- Draft Action K2: Enhancing the urban content of Climate-ADAPT
- Draft Action K3: Political training academy on climate adaptation
- Draft Action K4: Enhancing citizen and stakeholder involvement at regional and local levels for climate adaptation agendas
- Draft Action K5: Promote open access on insurance data for climate risk management
- Climate Adaptation Full Draft Action Plan
- About the Public Feedback
- About the Urban Adaptation Support Tool
About the EU Adaptation Strategy