Beyond political commitment, climate adaptation calls for long-term strategy. Drafting such local strategies in consultation with citizens and other relevant stakeholders is a key success factor to ensure in strategic decision making on climate adaptation policies and investments. The weakest points are:
- Lack of effective tools for communication concerning the connection between risk management climate adaptation planning;
- Lack of effective methodologies (shared by EU municipalities) for the definition of stakeholders’ role and engagement in risk and climate adaptation field.
NOTE: Bottleneck addressed: 39 (See the Annex F on the Draft Action Plan)
EU and National governments and institutions have the means to further encourage stakeholder involvement in climate adaptation policy development as a driver for a greater participation at local level:
- A conformative approach oriented to consider stakeholder involvement as a precondition for funding,
- A performative approach oriented to provide priorities in the evaluation for funding access, in relation to the level of participation achieved.
In order to move towards the second approach reference methodologies and effective monitoring.
The local players have already largely demonstrated their capacities to directly engage with civil society and sufficiently empower other relevant stakeholders (e.g. universities, research institutes, thematic agencies, SMEs). The Commission and its initiatives for cities (e.g. the Covenant of Mayors and URBACT) shall therefore continue exploring new ways that encourage and facilitate a more participatory and collaborative approach where citizens and other players have their say in the decision making and planning stages at local level. This will ensure a greater awareness and commitment of citizens in climate adaptation policies and actions.
- EU Commission acquires the needs identified by the Climadapt Action Plan on citizens and stakeholder involvement.
- EU Commission and National Governments and sub agencies dealing with New Urban Agenda framework include in their regulations, the “stakeholders’ involvement in climate adaptation policy” as a precondition for funding enhancing the performative approach oriented to include citizens in the decision process.
- Managing Authorities (at EU, National and Regional levels) includes the “stakeholders’ involvement in climate adaptation policy” as premiality criteria and/or reserve of additional resources in their procedures
- Beneficiaries apply on the basis of a predefined participatory framework including tools, shared methodologies and techniques fixed by relevant Authorities with contributions from research sector.
- Local Authorities develop Urban Agenda by mean of participatory procedures in decision making ensuring citizens empowerment n climate and adaptation policies.
- EU Institutions monitor results of implementation in order to balance regulatory system
Funding Sources and Needs:
- Additional funds for those programs promoting participatory planning
- Participatory action has to be considered as part of project implementation and has to be funded as a component of an investment program.
- Lack of capacity in delivering effective participatory process at local authorities and beneficiary level.
- Prevailing of conformative approach due to restricted time frame for design and implementation of Urban Agenda.
- Criticalities in selection of effective participative methods as reference framework for local authorities and beneficiaries.
Responsible Institution: EU Commission
Contributing Institutions: All DGs, CoMO and city networks (CEMR, Climate Alliance)
- 06.2019 Progress monitoring
- 12.2019 Regulations at EU level
- 06.2020 Progress monitoring
Indicators of Completion:
- N° of regulations including citizens participation as mandatory in strategic development planning
- N° of public consultation, working groups, forum, workshops, meeting with other municipalities organised
- Amount of resources reserved for the implementation of active participatory processes
- N° of plans, strategies, investments delivered under citizens’ participation approach
- Draft Action R1: Revision of urban development and planning regulation tools, focusing on national, regional and local climate adaptation actions
- Draft Action R2: Further involvement of national municipality associations and Covenant of Mayors as key facilitators and supporters of local authorities
- Draft Action F1: Guidelines and toolkits for adaptation economic analysis
- Draft Action F2: Recommendations for the Ops of the ERDF in order to improve access for municipalities
- Draft Action F3: A new LIFE for urban adaptation projects
- Draft Action F4: Further support for the drafting of local adaptation plans
- Draft Action K1: Improving data accessibility for EU Municipalities in the framework of COPERNICUS
- Draft Action K2: Enhancing the urban content of Climate-ADAPT
- Draft Action K3: Political training academy on climate adaptation
- Draft Action K4: Enhancing citizen and stakeholder involvement at regional and local levels for climate adaptation agendas
- Draft Action K5: Promote open access on insurance data for climate risk management