Established as an EU instrument to support stabilisation initiatives and peace-building activities in partner countries, the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) funds activities in the areas of (1) crisis response, (2) conflict prevention, peace-building and crisis preparedness, as well as (3) response to global, trans-regional and emerging threats. IcSP activities are implemented in partner countries around the world, in conflict zones, in post-conflict environments and in emerging crisis settings. IcSP actions thus contribute to an integrated approach to conflicts, one of the main objectives of the Global Strategy for the EU's Foreign and Security Policy. The Regulation establishing the IcSP reflects the three areas of activity in articles 3, 4 and 5 and incorporates the EU's short-term and long-term approaches to conflict prevention and peacebuilding. The adoption of the Capacity Building in support of Security and Development (CBSD) amendment to the IcSP Regulation in December 2017 enlarged the scope of the instrument, now including the possibility to engage with military actors in support of development and security for development activities.
A foreign policy instrument
The IcSP is one of the instruments at the EU's disposal to implement its foreign policy priorities during the EU's Multiannual Financial Framework (2014 – 2020). While actions under article 3 are non-programmable, strategic foreign policy priorities for articles 4 and 5 are set in the Thematic Strategy Paper for 2014-2020, programmed in Multi-Annual Indicative Programmes (2014-2017; 2018-2021) and translated into concrete actions in Annual Action Programmes. The IcSP succeeded the Instrument for Stability, which existed under the previous MFF (2007-2013).
Concretely, the IcSP activities take place in situations of crisis or emerging crisis, as well as in post-conflict environments, focusing on a wide range of thematic areas, such as mediation, dialogue and confidence-building, security sector reform, counter terrorism and preventing violent extremism, as well as strengthening the capacities of civilian stabilisation mission.
Capacity Building in support of Security and Development
CBSD supports partner countries to prevent and manage crises on their own, contributing to national and regional stability and allowing for sustainable development, as well as the achievement of peaceful and inclusive societies. Concretely, CBSD allows for assisting military actors to perform development and human security-related tasks, under exceptional and clearly defined circumstances: where non-military actors cannot perform them, where there is a threat to the existence of functioning state institutions or the protection of human rights, and where a consensus exists between the partner country concerned and the EU that military actors are key for preserving, establishing or re-establishing the conditions essential for sustainable development, including in crises and fragile or destabilised contexts and situations.
Close cooperation between EU institutions
Responsibilities under the Regulation are co-managed between the Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI) and Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO). FPI manages actions linked to crisis response (article 3) and conflict prevention, peace-building and crisis preparedness (article 4), while interventions linked to global, trans-regional threats and emerging threats (article 5) are managed by DG DEVCO. In the planning and implementation of actions under the IcSP, FPI collaborates closely with the European External Action Service (EEAS).
Implementation of IcSP actions
On the ground, implementation of IcSP actions is supervised by EU Delegations located in the concerned third countries in cooperation with FPI staff in Regional Teams, who are responsible for the management of the actions. FPI Regional Teams are located in the EU Delegations in Brazil, Kenya, Lebanon, Senegal, and Thailand. Implementing partners for IcSP actions in third countries include NGOs, the UN and other international organisations, EU Member State agencies as well as regional and sub-regional organisations.
Map of IcSP projects