The Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) funds activities in the areas of (1) crisis response, (2) conflict prevention, peacebuilding and crisis preparedness, and (3) response to global, trans-regional and emerging threats. The instrument’s activities are implemented in partner countries around the world, in conflict zones, in post-conflict environments and in emerging crisis settings. Under the Multiannual Financial Framework, the activities of the instrument will be continued under the new Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument.
With a view to allowing the EU to respond quickly to crises, 70% of the funds under the instrument are allocated to the crisis response component (Article 3), which is non-programmable. Longer term actions under the conflict prevention, peacebuilding and crisis preparedness component (Article 4 – 9% of the budget), as well as for response to global, trans-regional and emerging threats (Article 5 – 21% of the budget) are set out in the Thematic Strategy Paper for 2014-2020 (Commission Implementing Decision of 11.8.2014) programmed through Multiannual Indicative Programmes and translated into concrete actions in Annual Action Programmes. Actions under articles 3 and 4 are managed by the Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI.2) while actions under article 5 are managed by the Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DEVCO B.5).
A foreign policy instrument
The Service for Foreign Policy Instruments (FPI) of the European Commission is inter alia in charge of identifying, formulating and implementing interventions for crisis response, conflict prevention, peacebuilding and crisis preparedness. It does so in close partnership with EU Delegations, the European External Action Service and other Commission services, thereby contributing to an integrated approach of EU actions, one of the main objectives of the Global Strategy for the EU's Foreign and Security Policy.
At headquarters level, the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) is run by a team of specialised policy planners. At field level, implementation of IcSP actions is managed by staff in five FPI Regional Teams in close cooperation with EU Delegations in the countries where IcSP actions are implemented. The FPI Regional Teams are located in the EU Delegations in Brazil (covering the Americas), Kenya (covering Eastern and Southern Africa), Lebanon (covering the Middle East and North Africa), Senegal (covering Western Africa), and Thailand (Covering Asia and the Pacific). Implementing partners for IcSP actions predominantly include NGOs, the UN and other international organisations, EU Member State agencies, regional and sub-regional organisations.
The Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace was established by Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 of 11 March 2014. An amendment to include Capacity Building in support of Security and Development was adopted on 12 December 2017 by Regulation (EU) No 2017/2306.
Capacity Building in support of Security and Development
Capacity building for security and development allows working with military actors for this purpose in exceptional circumstances. This is only possible where three conditions are fulfilled at the same time: 1) requirements cannot be met by recourse to non-military actors; 2) there is a threat to the existence of functioning state institutions or to the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms and State institutions cannot cope with that threat; and 3) there is agreement between the partner country concerned and the EU that these first two conditions are indeed fulfilled. This initiative strictly excludes financing of recurrent military expenditure, procurement of arms or ammunition and funding of training specifically designed to contribute to the fighting capacity of armed forces.
Map of IcSP projects