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European Peace Facility

The European Peace Facility is an off-budget instrument that allows the EU to do more and to act more swiftly to support global peace and security through actions with military and defence implications.

Key facts:

  • The European Peace Facility is an off-budget funding mechanism under the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). 
  • The Facility provides support for actions with military and defence implications, notably military Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations, Peace Support Operations and capacity building of partner countries.
  • The European Peace Facility consists of two pillars – one for Peace Support Operations and one for Assistance Measures. The responsibilities of the European Commission lie within the pillar for Assistance Measures, which includes support for Peace Support Operations and capacity building.

The European Peace Facility fills a gap in the EU’s external action toolbox by creating a single instrument to finance CFSP actions with military and defence implications. The European Peace Facility has global geographical reach. The Facility replaces the Athena mechanism and the African Peace Facility, which have ceased to exist. The European Peace Facility will fund the common costs of military CSDP missions and operations. It will also finance military and defence related aspects of Peace Support Operations.

In addition, the EU will be able to support partner countries bilaterally in military and defence matters. The EU will have the possibility to provide military equipment to increase partners’ security and defense capabilities. This will make it possible to supplement training provided to partners with equipment, subject to strict safeguards and control mechanisms. Respect of human rights and compliance with International Humanitarian Law are paramount and will be ensured at each step.

The European Commission acts as administrator for Assistance Measures through its Service for Foreign Policy Instruments. The Commission also acts as Accounting Officer and internal auditor for Assistance Measures through the Directorate-General for Budget and the Internal Audit Service respectively.

What is the role of the Service for Foreign Policy Instruments? 

As Administrator for Assistance Measures, the Commission will ensure the financial implementation of Assistance Measures, via its Service for Foreign Policy instruments.