Directive 1999/2/EC: General – Bringing together the EU countries' laws
Directive 1999/3/EC: Implementing – EU list of irradiated food and food ingredients
EU countries must use validated or standardised analytical methods to detect irradiated foods.
Foods & food ingredients authorised for irradiation in the EU
Currently, these are:
Fruit and vegetables including root vegetables
Cereals, cereal flakes, rice flour
Fresh meats, poultry, frog legs
Raw milk camembert
Gum arabic, casein/caseinates, egg white
National authorisations for certain products are valid until the EU list is published later this year.
The analytical methods for the detection of irradiated foods are standardised by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN). CEN has standardised the methods upon a Commission mandate.
The European standards have been adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission as General Methods and are referred to in the Codex General Standard for Irradiated Foods in section 6.4 on 'Post-irradiation verification'.