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Food Safety

Future of EU rules on plant and forest reproductive material

About future EU rules

The Commission takes action to better align the legislation on plant and forest reproductive material with the goals of the European Green Deal and the Farm to Fork, Biodiversity and Climate Adaptation Strategies. The future EU rules aim to be uniformly applied, efficient and effective, more open to integrating new and future developments, more sustainable and supportive of biodiversity, climate proof, and to ensure a high level of protection of the environment.

Council request

In 2019, the Council (Council Decision (EU) 2019/1905) requested the Commission under Article 241 TFEU to provide a study on the Union's options to update the existing legislation on the production and marketing of plant reproductive material ('PRM study'). Furthermore, the Council called on the Commission to prepare a legal proposal, if deemed appropriate in view of the outcome of the PRM study.

The Commission followed up on the request of the Council with the PRM study and a letter to the Council.

PRM study

In the past decade, there have been numerous new technical developments in the breeding and seed production sector, which can only be partially addressed or not addressed at all, with the tools of the existing PRM legislation. This development has been accompanied by a growing demand for sustainability in agriculture and the increasing need to support conservation of agro-biodiversity and adaptation to climate change. The PRM study has identified, with the support of an external contractor, these new challenges and confirmed the continued relevance of certain key problems identified in an evaluation of the legislation, which was carried out in 2007 – 2008.

The PRM study has been published as a Staff Working Document, Executive Summary and is supported by the contractor's findings.

Overview of the existing PRM legislation

Question and Answers

Some questions frequently asked in this subject area.