Trends in Harmonised Risk Indicators for the European Union

Trends in Harmonised Risk Indicators for the European Union

Harmonised Risk Indicator 1

EU-28 HRI 1, 2011-2017

Harmonised Risk Indicator 1 is calculated by multiplying the quantities of active substances placed on the market in plant protection products by a weighting factor.

For practical purposes, active substances are grouped into four categories, in line with Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. The weightings applied to each category are intended to reflect policy on the use of pesticides and to support the goal of the Sustainable Use Directive to reduce the risk and impact of pesticide use and promote alternative approaches or techniques.

A baseline of the average of three years 2011-2013 is used as the starting point against which subsequent values are compared.

Harmonised Risk Indicator 1 shows a 20% reduction in the risk to human health and the environment from pesticides in the European Union in the period from 2011 to 2017.

Harmonised Risk Indicator 2

EU-28 HRI 2, 2011-2017

Harmonised Risk Indicator 2 is calculated by multiplying the number of emergency authorisations granted by Member States under Article 53 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 by a weighting factor. As with Harmonised Risk Indicator 1, active substances are grouped into four categories, and weightings applied to each category. A baseline of the average of three years 2011-2013 is used as the starting point against which subsequent values are compared.

Harmonised Risk Indicator 2 for the European Union shows a 50% increase in the period from 2011 to 2017.

Emergency authorisations are granted for a wide range of reasons, including emerging plant health issues and minor uses, as defined by Article 3(26) of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009. Up to this point, Member States have not recorded the scale of individual emergency authorisations (for example, the number of hectares treated), or the quantities of PPPs used under these authorisations. Therefore, it has not been possible to establish a more sophisticated indicator to reflect the risks associated with these authorisations.

In addition to the harmonised risk indicators for the EU, each Member State is obliged to calculate and publish the Harmonised Risk Indicators for their territory.