Equine Animals

Equine Animals


Equidae born in the Union shall be identified by an identification document (passport) issued in a certain period of time following the date of birth and in any event before leaving permanently the holding of birth.

All equidae within the Union have to be accompanied by an identification document during their movements (on foot and during transport). It shall be issued for the lifetime of the equine animal. In cases of death or loss of the animal, the keeper shall return the identification document to the appropriate issuing body within 30 days of the death or loss of the animal.

The system of the identification of equidae integrates the following elements:

  • a single lifetime identification document (including a narrative and a diagrammatical description)

  • A method to ensure an unequivocal link between the identification document and the equine animal (transponder, alternative methods like DNA profile and retinal scan)

  • Databases maintained by the (passport) issuing bodies recording under a unique identification number the identification details relating to the animal for which an identification document was issued to the keeper who submitted the application for the identification document

  • A central database


Basic directives: Directive 2009/156/EC and Directive 90/427/EEC for registered equidae
Identification methods of equidae: Regulation (EC) 504/2008 and Regulation (EU) 2015/262
Identification document (passport): Decision 93/623/EEC for registred equidae. Decision 2000/68/EC for the equidae for breeding and production
Medicinal Treatment document for the equidae for breeding and production: Decision 2000/68/EC

EU countries information

The information concerns in particular: issuing bodies for equine passports, alternative methods for identity verification, central databases, contact points, time limits for the identification of equidae, derogations for equidae under wild or semi-wild conditions and smart cards.

View the full list of Member States information.