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Food Safety

Diseases and control measures

The European Parliament and the Council adopted the Regulation (EU) 2016/429 on transmissible animal diseases ("Animal Health Law") in March 2016. It has been applicable since 21 April 2021. The Commission has adopted the Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/687 on 17 December 2019. This Regulation supplements the Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and the Council, as regards rules for the prevention and control of certain listed diseases and provides for measures in case of official suspicion of certain animal diseases, establishment of restricted (protection/surveillance zones) and infected zones, prohibitions and conditions for authorised movements from those zones.

The EU has a set of specific legislation for a number of animal diseases depending on their potential social and economic impact.

This includes:

  • notification obligations
  • diagnostic methods
  • measures to be applied in case of suspicion and confirmation of disease
  • and, where applicable, regionalisation measures.

The menu on the left provides further details and links to the relevant EU legislation for each disease under the heading "Control Measures".

OIE disease definitions

Further information

African horse sickness

African horse sickness (AHS) is a noncontagious viral disease affecting all species of equidae. It is caused by one or more of the nine different...

African swine fever

African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating infectious disease of pigs, usually deadly. No vaccine exists to combat this virus. It does not affect...

Avian influenza

Avian Influenza (AI) or "Bird Flu" is a highly contagious viral infection which can affect all species of birds and can manifest itself in different..


Bluetongue is a non-contagious, insect-transmitted, viral disease of domestic and wild ruminants. It is not known to affect humans.

Classical Swine Fever

Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease of swine (pigs and wild boar) which can spread via trade in live pigs, fresh pig meat.

Foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious, usually non-fatal viral disease of domestic and wild cloven-hoofed animals, but may also affect..

Further Exotic Diseases

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the international standard setting body for animal health, has drawn up a list of epidemic animal diseases of major economic importance.

Newcastle disease

Newcastle disease (ND) is a disease of major importance for poultry and other birds. It is caused by specified viruses of the avian paramyxovirus type.

Other Diseases

Information regarding Porcine Epidemic Diarrhoea, Schmallenberg Virus, Aujeszky’s disease, Swine Vesicular Disease and OIE disease definitions.