Fisheries

Swordfish: New step towards recovery in the Mediterranean

Swordfish: New step towards recovery in the Mediterranean

Swordfish: New step towards recovery in the Mediterranean

24/04/2018

The Commission has approved a proposal to transpose into EU legislation stronger measures to help the recovery of the Mediterranean swordfish.

The new regulation incorporates the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Recommendation 16-05 into EU law. This is a crucial step towards better management of a stock in deep distress and towards achieving the overarching objective of the MedFish4Ever Declaration: ensuring the environmental, economic and social sustainability of Mediterranean fisheries for present and future generations.

The proposed regulation provides operators with legal certainty regarding rules and obligations, thus enabling the Union to meet its international responsibilities.

Recommendation 16-05 establishes a recovery plan that takes into account the specificities of different types of gear and fishing techniques. When implementing the recovery plan, the Union and Member States should undertake to promote coastal fishing activities and the use of selective fishing gear and techniques that reduce the environmental impact, including gear and techniques used in traditional and artisanal fisheries, thereby ensuring a fair standard of living for local fishing communities.

Measures such as quota, the closing period (January to March) and the derogation from the landing obligation were already integrated in EU legislation at an earlier stage.

The EU submitted its fishing and inspection plan to the ICCAT Secretariat on 15 March 2018. It includes the number of EU vessels authorised to fish Mediterranean swordfish in 2018: 7537 of which 5464 are recreational vessels and 1918 are long-liners smaller than 24 m of length.

Background

During the 2016 ICCAT Annual Meeting held in Vilamoura (Portugal), the ICCAT CPCs[1] adopted Recommendation 16-05, including a 15-year recovery plan. The recommendation lays down rules for the conservation, management and control of the Mediterranean stock of swordfish aiming to achieve a biomass corresponding to a maximum sustainable yield by 2031 with at least 60% probability of achieving that objective. It foresees a linear reduction of 3% each year of the TAC from 2018 to 2022 (point 4 of the ICCAT Recommendation).

Allocated Quotas 2017 and 2018 (1)

Member State

Allocation Key (%)

QUOTAS 2017 (t)

Quotas 2018 (t)

HRV

0,216

16,00

15, 52

 

CYP

0,796

59,00

57, 23

ESP

24,593

1822,49

1767, 82

FRA

1,714

127,01

123, 21

GRE

16,280

1206,45

1170, 26

ITA

50,419

3736,26

3624, 17

MLT

5,982

443,26

429, 96

EU

100,00

7410,48

7118, 17

 

The fishery is open from 1st April until 31st December.

More information

Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on a multiannual recovery plan for Mediterranean swordfish and amending Regulations (EC) No 1967/2006 and (EU) 2017/2107

 

 

[1]              ICCAT Contracting Parties, Cooperating non-Contracting Parties, Entities or Fishing Entities.