Farmed fish and shellfish

Farmed fish and shellfish

Farmed fish and shellfish



European eel © ScandFish

European eel is a 'catadromous' fish – that is, it spawns and is born at sea, and then migrates into inland waters to eat and grow. In the course of its life, it travels many thousands of miles, and passes through a number of very different stages, marked by changes in their colour. More


Common carp © ScandFish
The carp is native to the Far East, but it is hard to say when it was introduced into Europe, probably at the time of the Romans. It was not until the Middle Ages, however, that carp began to be raised in bodies of water in the Great European Plain.  More


Siberian sturgeon © ScandFish
Rearing systems for Siberian sturgeon, a species classified as vulnerable on the Red List published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, were developed in the 1970s in the former USSR. It was during this same period. More


Rainbow trout © ScandFish
Rainbow trout, whose name refers to the many rainbow-coloured spots on its skin, is the leading freshwater cultured species in Europe. Native to the Pacific coastal area in the United States, it was introduced into Europe at the end of the 19th century.  More


Pacific cupped oyster © ScandFish
The Pacific cupped oyster is native to Japan and was introduced into Europe in the 1970s after the depletion of the Portuguese oyster (Crassostrea angulata), decimated by several successive diseases.   More


Blue mussels and Mediterranean mussels © ScandFish
Mussel production was the first recorded organised shellfish farming in Europe: a culture on wooden stakes was reported in France in 1235. Since then, mussel farming has developed throughout the species’ range, namely the entire European coastal area.   More


European seabass © ScandFish
Living close to shores and estuaries rich in micro-organisms, the European seabass has long been reared in traditional aquaculture. Fish were allowed to enter lagoons or fitted tanks (often saline), after which the entrance was closed off, trapping them inside.   More


Cod © ScandFish
Cod holds an important place in European gastronomy. In spite of supply difficulties arising from the depletion of certain wild stocks, demand is still high. Cod farming therefore appears as an attractive business opportunity.   More


Gilthead seabream © ScandFish
Traditionally, gilthead seabream were cultured extensively in coastal lagoons and brackish ponds, particularly in valliculture in northern Italy and in esteros in southern Spain. In the 1980s, however, gilthead seabream were reproduced  More


Atlantic salmon © ScandFish
The farming of Atlantic salmon dates back to the 19th century, when hatchery techniques were developed in the United Kingdom. This first involved the production of immature fish to restock rivers for recreational fishing.   More