L-UE għandha żewġ tipi ta' ftehimiet tas-sajd ma' pajjiżi li mhumiex fl-UE:
EU SFPAs infographic (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2015)
EU Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2020)
In exchange, the EU pays the partner countries a financial contribution composed of 2 distinct parts:
The EU has currently 8 SFPAs protocols in force with third countries:
The EU has also 7 "dormant" agreements with Gabon, Sao Tomé e Principe, Madagascar, Mozambique, Equatorial Guinea, Micronesia, Solomon Island. "Dormant agreements" stand for countries which adopted a fisheries partnership agreement without having a protocol in force. EU vessels are therefore not allowed to fish in waters under the regime of the dormant agreements. Comoros agreement, which was also dormant, is currently being denounced.
L-attivitajiet tas-sajd tal-UE fl-ibħra tat-Tramuntana u fil-Grigal tal-Atlantiku huma marbutin mill-qrib ma' dawk tal-ġirien tagħna - in-Norveġja, l-Iżlanda u l-Gżejjer Faeroe. Peress li ħafna mill-istokkijiet jiċċaqalqu bejn il-fruntieri u huma għalhekk meqjusa bħala komuni, jagħmel ħafna sens li l-erba' partijiet jikkoordinaw l-attivitajiet tagħhom, speċjalment minħabba li l-flotot differenti mhumiex neċessarjament interessati fl-istess stokkijiet.
Ħafna mill-istokkijiet ikkonċernati huma ġestiti b'mod konġunt, u l-kwoti huma skambjati biex jiġi żgurat li ma jinħlewx. Uħud mill-istokkijiet huma ġestiti permezz tal-Konvenzjoni intergovernattiva dwar is-Sajd fl-Atlantiku tal-Grigal stabbilita biex tiġġestixxi stokkijiet tal-ħut fir-reġjun, filwaqt li stokkijiet oħra huma ġestiti permezz ta' ftehimiet bejn l-istati mal-kosta.
Dawn il-ftehimiet huma estremament importanti għal sezzjoni kbira tal-flotta tal-UE, partikolarment il-ftehim man-Norveġja, li jkopri kwoti b'valur ta' iktar minn € 2 biljuni.
The agreement with Iceland is "dormant".
€5 300 000
The European Economic Community concluded its first bilateral fisheries agreements in the late 1970's. More than 30 other bilateral agreements were concluded until today mainly with developing States in Africa or in the Pacific. The negotiation of fisheries bilateral agreements resulted from the adoption of the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which establishes a legal sovereignty for coastal states over living marine resources in maritime zones within 200 nautical miles from their baselines (the "Exclusive Economic Zone"). As a result, the conclusion of bilateral agreements with third countries appeared necessary to give European Union fleets access to fish stock surplus that are not used by the coastal states' local fleets.
The Common Fisheries Policy, especially its external dimension, establishes a legal framework for EU fishing activities outside the European waters.
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Fittex fl-aħbarijiet kollha
Organizzazzjoni reġjonali tal-ġestjoni tas-sajd (RFMOs)
Leġiżlazzjoni dwar ftehimiet ma' pajjiżi li mhumiex membri (Eur-lex)
Sajd illegali (IUU)
From 200 m all the way down to its deepest point of 2 200 m, the Black Sea is nearly as lifeless as a foreign planet. At its surface, however, it hosts a rich and productive ecosystem providing the lifeblood of coastal communities for millennia. It is in this fertile environment that the invasive species, Rapana venosa (commonly known as rapa whelk), settled and rapidly reproduced, threatening local ecosystems through its prodigious appetite for other molluscs.
Today the Commission published its proposal setting out catch limits for fish stocks in the Atlantic and the North Sea. Based on this proposal, EU fisheries ministers will set the final catch limits at the Council on 15-16 December, to apply as of 1 January 2021.
Featured on social media: 'Oceanets' working on recycling technologies for discarded, lost, or abandoned fishing gears, 'Aqualit' a project working with the aquaculture industry to prevent litter from entering the sea, 'BlueNet' recovering fishing gear from the sea and using it as raw material to manufacture new gear, 'Fishing for litter' encouraging fishermen to take ashore the litter they encounter at sea, and 'NETtag' developing devices to track lost fishing gear.