ELil on liitu mittekuuluvate riikidega kahte liiki kalanduskokkuleppeid:
EU SFPAs infographic (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2015)
EU Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2020)
In exchange, the EU pays the partner countries a financial contribution composed of 2 distinct parts:
The EU has currently 8 SFPAs protocols in force with third countries:
The EU has also 7 "dormant" agreements with Gabon, Sao Tomé e Principe, Madagascar, Mozambique, Equatorial Guinea, Micronesia, Solomon Island. "Dormant agreements" stand for countries which adopted a fisheries partnership agreement without having a protocol in force. EU vessels are therefore not allowed to fish in waters under the regime of the dormant agreements. Comoros agreement, which was also dormant, is currently being denounced.
ELi kalapüük Põhjamerel ja Kirde-Atlandil on tihedalt seotud naabrite Norra, Islandi ja Fääri saarte sealse tegevusega. Kuna mitmeid kalavarusid hallatakse piiriüleselt, siis on mõistlik, et neli osapoolt koordineerivad oma tegevust eelkõige seepärast, et eri laevastikud ei ole tingimata huvitatud samadest kalavarudest.
Mitmeid varusid hallatakse ühiselt ning kvootide ärakasutamise huvides neid vahetatakse. Osa varudest hallatakse valitsustevahelise Kirde-Atlandi kalanduse konventsiooni raames, mille eesmärk on kalavarude haldamine asjaomases piirkonnas. Teist osa varudest hallatakse rannikuriikide omavaheliste kokkulepete raames.
Sellised kokkulepped on äärmiselt olulised suurele osale ELi laevastikust; eriti oluline on kokkulepe Norraga, mis hõlmab kvoote väärtuses üle 2 miljardi euro.
The agreement with Iceland is "dormant".
€5 300 000
The European Economic Community concluded its first bilateral fisheries agreements in the late 1970's. More than 30 other bilateral agreements were concluded until today mainly with developing States in Africa or in the Pacific. The negotiation of fisheries bilateral agreements resulted from the adoption of the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which establishes a legal sovereignty for coastal states over living marine resources in maritime zones within 200 nautical miles from their baselines (the "Exclusive Economic Zone"). As a result, the conclusion of bilateral agreements with third countries appeared necessary to give European Union fleets access to fish stock surplus that are not used by the coastal states' local fleets.
The Common Fisheries Policy, especially its external dimension, establishes a legal framework for EU fishing activities outside the European waters.
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Kokkuleppeid ELi mittekuuluvate riikidega käsitlevad õigusaktid (Eur-Lex)
Ebaseaduslik kalapüük (IUU)
Today the Commission published its proposal setting out catch limits for fish stocks in the Atlantic and the North Sea. Based on this proposal, EU fisheries ministers will set the final catch limits at the Council on 15-16 December, to apply as of 1 January 2021.
Featured on social media: 'Oceanets' working on recycling technologies for discarded, lost, or abandoned fishing gears, 'Aqualit' a project working with the aquaculture industry to prevent litter from entering the sea, 'BlueNet' recovering fishing gear from the sea and using it as raw material to manufacture new gear, 'Fishing for litter' encouraging fishermen to take ashore the litter they encounter at sea, and 'NETtag' developing devices to track lost fishing gear.
Miquel Ferrés from Palamós, Catalonia, is a fisherman and a keen sportsman. While fishing on his trawler, he came to realise that his nets were collecting the same kind of litter that he would see on the beach during his running sessions. He decided to take action for the well-being of the seas by combining two of his great interests: doing sports and taking care of the marine environment.