EU har to former for fiskeriaftaler med lande uden for EU:
EU SFPAs infographic (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2015)
EU Sustainable Fisheries Partnership Agreements (Available in English, French, Portuguese and Spanish, Published 2020)
In exchange, the EU pays the partner countries a financial contribution composed of 2 distinct parts:
The EU has currently 8 SFPAs protocols in force with third countries:
The EU has also 7 "dormant" agreements with Gabon, Sao Tomé e Principe, Madagascar, Mozambique, Equatorial Guinea, Micronesia, Solomon Island. "Dormant agreements" stand for countries which adopted a fisheries partnership agreement without having a protocol in force. EU vessels are therefore not allowed to fish in waters under the regime of the dormant agreements. Comoros agreement, which was also dormant, is currently being denounced.
EU's fiskeri i Nordsøen og det nordvestlige Atlanterhav hænger tæt sammen med fiskeriet i vores nabolande – Norge, Island og Færøerne. Da mange af de bestande, der fiskes efter, deles på tværs af grænserne, giver det god mening for alle fire parter at koordinere deres aktiviteter, især fordi de forskellige flåder ikke nødvendigvis er interesseret i de samme bestande.
Så mange af bestandene forvaltes i fællesskab, og kvoterne udveksles for at sikre, at de ikke går til spilde. Nogle af bestandene forvaltes gennem den internationale Kommission for Fiskeriet i Det Nordøstlige Atlanterhav, der blev oprettet med henblik herpå, mens andre er omfattet af aftaler mellem kyststaterne.
Disse aftaler er overordentligt vigtige for en stor del af EU-flåden, især aftalen med Norge, som omfatter kvoter til en værdi af over 2 milliarder euro.
The agreement with Iceland is "dormant".
€5 300 000
The European Economic Community concluded its first bilateral fisheries agreements in the late 1970's. More than 30 other bilateral agreements were concluded until today mainly with developing States in Africa or in the Pacific. The negotiation of fisheries bilateral agreements resulted from the adoption of the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) which establishes a legal sovereignty for coastal states over living marine resources in maritime zones within 200 nautical miles from their baselines (the "Exclusive Economic Zone"). As a result, the conclusion of bilateral agreements with third countries appeared necessary to give European Union fleets access to fish stock surplus that are not used by the coastal states' local fleets.
The Common Fisheries Policy, especially its external dimension, establishes a legal framework for EU fishing activities outside the European waters.
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Lovgivning om aftaler med lande uden for EU (EUR-Lex)
Ulovligt fiskeri (UUU)
Today the Commission published its proposal setting out catch limits for fish stocks in the Atlantic and the North Sea. Based on this proposal, EU fisheries ministers will set the final catch limits at the Council on 15-16 December, to apply as of 1 January 2021.
European maritime security has significantly improved over the last years on several dimensions including international or regional cooperation, information sharing, capability development, risk management and training. This is the conclusion of a new report about the implementation of the European Union maritime security strategy action plan, developed by the European Commission together with the European Defence Agency and the European External Action Service.
Today the Commission has proposed total allowable catches (TAC), based on scientific advice, on three deep-sea stocks for 2021 and 2022 to allow limited fisheries.