Fisheries

Mauritania

Mauritania

Mauritania

Fisheries partnership agreement

The current four-year Protocol to the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) entered into force on 16 November 2015. This protocol confirms several decades of cooperation in the field of fisheries, a key sector for the development of Mauritania and one of the pillars of the European strategy for sustainable blue growth.

Under the Protocol, the EU fleet is allowed to fish in Mauritanian waters for shrimp, demersal fish, tuna and small pelagic fish, up to a total of 287 050 tonnes a year, under improved operational conditions. In addition to the fees paid by the European fleet (tonnage fees and para-fiscal taxes), the EU pays a financial contribution of  61.625 million euros per year for this partnership, comprising 57.5 million euros for the access to waters and  4.125 million euros for supporting local fishing communities in Mauritania and improving fisheries governance.

In line with the EU's fisheries policy, the protocol contributes to responsible fishing and the sustainable management of fisheries resources, including enhanced transparency measures. It seeks to minimise fishing impacts on marine ecosystems and respects the activities of the Mauritanian coastal and artisanal fleets.

Main features of the FPA

Duration of the agreement 6 years renewable (30.11.2006 - 29.11.2012; 30.11.2012 - 29.11.2018)
Nature of the FPA Multi-species agreement
Duration of the protocol 4 years (from 16.11.2015 to 15.11.2019)
Financial contribution 61.625 million €/year, of which 4.125 million €/year to support the fisheries sector.
Fishing opportunities and fees for ship-owners               Category 1 — Fishing vessels specialising in crustaceans other than spiny lobster and crab (maximum 5 000 tonnes / year; maximum 25 vessels).
Fee: 400 €/t, annual advance fee of 1 000 €/vessel deducted from total fee due.

Category 2 — Black hake non-freezer trawlers (maximum 6 000 tonnes/year; and maximum 6 vessels).
Fee: 90 €/t, annual advance fee of 1 000 €/vessel deducted from total fee due.

Category 2 bis — Black hake freezer trawlers (main target species: black hake, maximum 3 500 tonnes/year; secondary species: squid maximum 1 450 t/year and cuttlefish, maximum 600 t/year, 25% by-catch allowed for demersal fish other than black hake).
Fees: black hake: 70 €/t, squid: 575 €/t, cuttlefish: 250€/t and 90 €/t for by-catches; annual advance fee of 1 000 €/vessel deducted from total fee due.

Category 3 — Vessels fishing for demersal species other than black hake with gear other than trawls (maximum 3 000 t; maximum 6 vessels).
Fee: 105 €/, annual advance fee of 1 000 €/vessel deducted from total fee due.
Category 4 — Tuna seiners (reference tonnage 12 500 tonnes; maximum 25 vessels).
Fee: 60 €/t in the 1st and 2nd years; 65 €/t in the 3rd year; 70 €/t in the 4th year/. Annual flat-rate advance fee of 1 750 €/vessel.
Category 5 — Pole-and-line tuna vessels and surface long-liners (reference tonnage 7 500 tonnes; maximum 15 vessels).
Fee: 60 €/t in the 1st and 2nd years; 65 €/t in the 3rd year; 70 €/t in the 4th year. Annual flat-rate advance fee of 2 500 €/pole-and-line vessel and of 3 500 €/surface long-liner.
Category 6 — Pelagic freezer trawlers (maximum 225 000 tonnes; maximum 19 vessels).
Fee: 123 €/t, annual advance fee of 5 000 € / vessel deducted from total fee due.
Category 7 — Non-freezer pelagic vessels (maximum 15 000 tonnes/year, deducted from category 6; maximum 2 vessels).
Fee: 123 €/t, annual advance fee of 5 000 € / vessel deducted from total fee due.
Category 8 – Cephalopods: no fishing opportunities granted under the current protocol.

Current legal framework

History

The first fisheries agreement concluded between the EU and Mauritania dates back from 1987. The current Fisheries Partnership Agreement was concluded in 2006 and entered into force on 1.08.2006. It was adopted by Council Regulation (EC) No 1801/2006 of 30.11.2006 (OJ L343 of 8.12.2006).

The previous Protocol (2012-2014) to the FPA expired on 15.12.2014: