Almost all important stocks and fisheries are managed by means of a multiannual plan. The plans contain the goal for fish stock management, expressed in terms of fishing mortality and/or targeted stock size. Some plans also provide for a detailed and tailor-made roadmap for achieving the objective. Some multiannual plans include fishing effort restrictions as an additional instrument to the annual total allowable catches (TACs), and specific control rules.
Multiannual plans under the new CFP will include the target of fishing at maximum sustainable yield and a deadline for achieving this target. They will also contain measures for the implementation of the landing obligation. They should also contain safeguards for remedial action where needed, and review clauses, among others. Multiannual plans may also include technical measures.
In February 2017 the Commission proposed a multi-annual plan for small pelagic stocks in the Adriatic Sea.
Multiannual plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks (Regulation (EU) 2016/1139)
Multiannual plan for demersal stocks in the North Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks, specifying details of the implementation of the landing obligation in the North Sea (Regulation (EU) 2018/973 of 4 July 2018)
Western Mediterranean Sea
Multiannual plan for the fisheries exploiting demersal stocks in the western Mediterranean Sea and amending Regulation (EU) No 508/2014. (Council regulation (EU) 2019/1022 of 20 June 2019)
Multiannual plan for stocks fished in the Western Waters and adjacent waters, and for fisheries exploiting those stocks (Regulation (EU) 2019/472 of 19 March 2019)
Measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel (Council Regulation (EC) No 1100/2007 of 18 September 2007)
List of national eel management plans
Multiannual recovery plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (Regulation (EU) No 2016/1627 of 14 September 2016)
Proposals for Regulations of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing multi-annual plans for the management of demersal fisheries in western EU waters
First report on the implementation of the Multiannual Plan for the stocks of cod, herring and sprat in the Baltic Sea and the fisheries exploiting those stocks
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Legislation on EU management of stocks (EUR-Lex)
Management based on maximum sustainable yield (summaries of EU legislation)
Factsheet on the European eel
Factsheet on cod
Factsheet on hake
Factsheet on Norway lobster
Factsheet on sole and plaice
Factsheet on herring
European maritime security has significantly improved over the last years on several dimensions including international or regional cooperation, information sharing, capability development, risk management and training. This is the conclusion of a new report about the implementation of the European Union maritime security strategy action plan, developed by the European Commission together with the European Defence Agency and the European External Action Service.
Today the Commission has proposed total allowable catches (TAC), based on scientific advice, on three deep-sea stocks for 2021 and 2022 to allow limited fisheries.
In the EU, 20% of fishing gear is lost at sea. Abandoned, lost or disposed of, it accounts for about a third of marine litter found in European seas, or over 11.000 tons per year.