La politique commune de la pêche comprend un régime de contrôle destiné à garantir le respect de ses règles dans la pratique.
Afin de veiller au respect des règles de la politique commune de la pêche, il existe un régime de contrôle destiné à:
Ce régime est défini dans le règlement relatif au contrôle, qui est entré en vigueur le 1er janvier 2010 et qui a entièrement renouvelé l'approche européenne en la matière. Le règlement a notamment aligné le régime sur les mesures strictes adoptées par l'UE en 2008 en vue de lutter contre la pêche illégale.
An ongoing revision of the Control Regulation aims at simplifying the system, making it more effective and efficient, whilst ensuring full compliance with the reformed Common Fisheries Policy and equitable treatment of operators. The main objectives include strengthening of enforcement provisions, ensuring better quality and sharing of fisheries data and information, reducing administrative burden, and enhancing synergies with other policies.
The Inception Impact Assessment was open for feedback in October 2017.
On 24 April 2017 the European Commission has published its evaluation of the fisheries control regulation.
The report shows that member states have generally been compliant with the main obligations set by this regulation, which remains a key pillar for delivering on the objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy. The Commission however concluded that its full implementation lacks behind in many member states, creating sometimes uneven situations within the EU.
Although the regulation simplified and rationalised the previous system, the evaluation highlighted a number of shortcomings in the current text, which hinder its full effectiveness.
Since its adoption in 2009, the fisheries control regulation tackled the main issues identified in the previous system and contributed to step up the overall level of compliance with the Common Fisheries Policy. It also helped improving communication and data sharing among the various stakeholders, ensuring better quality and quantity of fisheries data, as well as fostering the level playing field among operators.
However, although much was achieved, full compliance with the legal framework is yet to be ensured. Shortcomings in the implementation mainly concern sanctions and point system, follow up of infringements, data exchange and data sharing, traceability, but also monitoring and catch reporting tools for vessels below 12 metres. In addition, the lack of clarity in some provisions and the numerous exemptions are considered to hamper the effectiveness of the entire fisheries control system.
The evaluation revealed that the Fisheries Control Regulation is not entirely coherent with the reformed Common Fisheries Policy, which introduced new objectives and legal obligations, as for instance the landing obligation. Synergies with other policies, such as environment, would also need to be reinforced.
COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1962 of 28 October 2015 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 404/2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy.
Implementation and evaluation of Regulation (EC) 1224/2009 establishing a Union control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy as required under Article 118 and REFIT Evaluation of the impact of the fisheries regulation
C(2012) 1433: Guidelines for the deduction of quotas under Article 105(1), (2) and (5) of Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009
Corrigendum to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 404/2011 of 8 April 2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy
COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 404/2011 of 8 April 2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy
Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy, amending Regulations (EC) No 847/96, (EC) No 2371/2002, (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 768/2005, (EC) No 2115/2005, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) No 509/2007, (EC) No 676/2007, (EC) No 1098/2007, (EC) No 1300/2008, (EC) No 1342/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No 2847/93, (EC) No 1627/94 and (EC) No 1966/2006
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1010/2009 of 22 October 2009 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing
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Législation relative aux mesures de conservation des ressources de pêche ainsi qu'au contrôle (EUR-Lex)
Inspecteurs et moyens d'inspection communautaires dans les États membres
Pêche illicite (INN)
Agence européenne de contrôle des pêches (lien externe)
On December 10th, the European Union and the Faroe Islands have reached an agreement on reciprocal exchanges of fishing opportunities in each other’s waters for 2020.
The new agreement allows for the exchange of a number of important quotas for the European Union, such as cod, haddock, saithe and redfish, with Norway pout and blue whiting for the Faroe Islands. The Parties have also agreed reciprocal access to each other’s waters for mackerel, Atlanto-Scandian herring and blue whiting.
The UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted on 10 December two resolutions on Oceans and Law of the Seas and on Sustainable Fisheries. In this context, the EU called for urgent, resolute and ambitious international action by all States in line with agreed commitments to counter the impacts of climate change on the oceans such as ocean acidification, ocean-warming, reduced fisheries catch potential and rising sea levels.
On 28 November, Commission President von der Leyen addressed the European Parliament and paid tribute to the millions of Europeans who “are taking action because it is the right thing to do. There are those who work hard to strengthen their communities. (…) People who want to make a difference. And we too, Parliament, Council and Commission, we must make a difference.”