Fisheries rules and control systems are agreed on at EU level, but implemented by the member states through their national authorities and inspectors.
To encourage closer collaboration and exchange of best practice, the European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA) organises joint control campaigns, where inspectors from different EU countries join forces.The Commission has its own inspectors, who can visit national authorities at any time to check they are implementing EU rules correctly. It is not their role to inspect individual fishers' operations, however.When the Commission finds that national authorities are not enforcing fisheries rules properly:
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Control authorities in the Baltic Sea area
EU inspectors and means of inspection in the EU countries
European Fisheries Control Agency (external link)
Legislation on conservation measures including control (EUR-lex)
The blue biotechnology sector is a fascinating niche in the European blue economy. It uses living marine organisms – algae, bacteria, fungi, shellfish – to develop new, sustainable applications for a variety of sectors, ranging from pharmaceuticals and textiles to chemicals, packaging, fuel and more.
When you think about marine pollution, probably you imagine floating debris such as plastic bottles, straws and bags, or discarded fishing nets trapping marine animals. Maybe you picture an oil spill. But would you think of mercury?
The European Commission has published a new action plan to accelerate the development of the organic sector. The plan will boost the production and consumption of organic products, in order to reach 25% of agricultural land under organic farming by 2030, as well as a significant increase in organic aquaculture, as set in the EU’s Farm to Fork and Biodiversity Strategies.