Fisheries

7. European Union support

7. European Union support

7. European Union support

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Five European Structural and Investment Funds[1] support the economic development of the EU until 2020. One of them, the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), is specifically tailored to Europe's seas and coasts. Its EUR 6.4 billion budget - 5.7 billion of which is managed by the Member States - focuses on underpinning the common fisheries policy (CFP) and making fisheries and aquaculture more sustainable and profitable. But the EMFF also invests in diversifying local economies for thriving maritime regions and inland fisheries and aquaculture areas.

In doing so, the EMFF does not prescribe how every cent should be spent. Instead the European Union allocates a share of the total budget to each country, and leaves it to national authorities - and local communities - to choose the projectes and solutions that work best for them.

 

[1] The European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF), the Cohesion Fund (CF), the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF).

The EMFF has six main priorities

  • Sustainable fisheries (27%): to strike a balance between human fishing capacity and available natural resources, to fish more selectively and to reduce unintended catches.
  • Sustainable aquaculture (21%): to make the sector more successful and competitive by focusing on quality, health and safety, as well as eco-friendly production; and to provide consumers with high-quality, highly nutritional and trustworthy products.
  • Implementing the CFP (19.1 %): to improve data collection, scientific knowledge, control and enforcement of fisheries legislation.
  • Employment and territorial cohesion (9.1%): to help coastal and inland fisheries and aquaculture communities gain more value for their products and diversify their economies into other maritime fields such as tourism or direct sales.
  • Marketing and processing (17.5%): to improve market organisation, market intelligence and consumer information in the world's largest seafood market.
  • Implementing the integrated maritime policy (IMP) (1.2%): to improve marine knowledge, better plan activities at sea, promote cooperation in maritime surveillance and manage sea basins according to their individual needs.

The remaining 5.1% consists of technical assistance to help Member States to implement the above priorities.

In this way, the EMFF supports local initiatives aiming at rebuilding fish stocks, phasing out discards, collecting fisheries data and reducing human impact on the marine environment. It helps Member States check that fishermen, fish farmers and maritime communities correctly apply the relevant EU rules. The EMFF also envourages cross-border cooperation in maritime domains such as spatial planning and surveillance.

EMFF contribution – 2014-2020 programming period – Per priority
(in thousands of EUR and percentage of total)

Sustainable fisheries Sustainable aquaculture Implementation
of the CFP
Employment and territorial cohesion Marketing and processing Implementation
of the IMP
Technical assistance Total per MS % per MS
BE 14 375 6 725 14 245 0 4 101 1 000 1 300 41 746 0.73
BG 18 921 27 161 10 477 15 180 9 703 2 500 4 125 88 067 1.53
CZ 0 20 772 2 653 0 5 976 0 1 707 31 108 0.54
DK 74 150 25 750 70 546 7 518 19 868 2 500 8 022 208 355 3.62
DE 42 645 63 582 59 695 20 910 22 281 2 500 7 983 219 596 3.82
EE 19 325 13 402 11 655 23 600 24 664 2 500 5 824 100 970 1.76
IE 33 500 14 900 69 791 6 000 17 282 5 335 795 147 602 2.57
EL 128 025 67 319 70 433 46 000 59 777 4 446 12 778 388 778 6.76
ES 352 491 205 906 155 955 107 674 274 410 5 335 59 851 1 161 621 20.20
FR 150 941 88 790 122 279 22 581 163 236 5 335 34 818 587 980 10.23
HR 80 961 55 261 34 824 24 821 40 618 1 000 15 159 252 643 4.39
IT 180 516 100 965 102 429 42 426 74 235 4 446 32 247 537 263 9.34
CY 12 928 9 450 8 692 5 250 1 246 1 400 750 39 715 0.69
LV 35 700 34 700 11 148 12 750 35 536 2 500 7 500 139 834 2.43
LT 10 404 21 219 7 440 10 396 9 302 1 000 3 672 63 432 1.10
HU 2 541 25 768 2 451 0 7 984 0 352 39 096 0.68
MT 8 548 2 480 8 692 0 407 1 200 1 300 22 627 0.39
NL 36 240 4 920 49 460 0 3 424 2 500 4 980 101 523 1.77
AT 45 3 604 1 400 0 1 690 0 227 6 965 0.12
PL 130 176 201 740 23 627 79 700 61 603 2 500 31 873 531 219 9.24
PT 103 625 59 000 55 447 35 000 111 229 5 335 22 850 392 485 6.83
RO 13 204 84 258 12 943 33 684 11 766 2 500 10 067 168 421 2.93
SI 3 000 6 000 4 266 5 000 3 558 1 000 1 985 24 809 0.43
SK 0 9 407 1 400 0 4 041 0 937 15 785 0.27
FI 12 300 15 600 30 018 4 400 5 530 4 446 2 100 74 393 1.29
SE 22 042 11 871 60 401 8 343 7 189 4 446 5 864 120 156 2.09
UK 67 487 19 327 97 634 13 584 27 244 5 335 12 528 243 139 4.23
Total per priority 1 554 089 1 199 879 1 100 000 524 816 1 007 897 71 056 291 595 5 749 332 100
 

NB: Not relevant for LU.
Source: Member States' operational programmes. Situation as in January 2018.