6. Consumption

6. Consumption

6. Consumption

6. Consumption

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Fisheries and aquaculture products are an important source of protein and a crucial component of a healthy diet. This is particularly true for the average person living in the EU, who consumes 24.4 kg of fish or seafood per year (4 kg more than in the rest of the world).

Consumption, however, varies greatly across the EU: from 4.8 kg per person per year in Hungary to 56.9 kg in Portugal.

Three quarters of the fish or seafood consumed in the EU come from wild fisheries, while the remaining quarter comes from aquaculture. The most popular species are tuna, cod and salmon.

Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products (2017)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

PT 56.8
ES 45.6
MT 37.0
FR 33.7
LU 33.7
IT 30.9
DK 27.0
SE 26.6
LV 24.9
EU-28 24.4
CY 23.9
BE 23.8
FI 23.1
IE 23.0
UK 22.9
NL 21.1
HR 18.7
EL 18.2
ET 16.3
LT 15.6
PL 15.0
DE 13.4
AT 13.2
SI 11.7
SK 9.0
CZ 8.2
RO 7.9
BG 7.3
HU 5.6
 

Source: Eumofa, The EU Fish Market, 2019 edition.

Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products in the major world economies (2017)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

Norway 54.35
Japan 48.90
China 39.12
EU-28 24.35
United States 23.35
Canada 22.05
WORLD AVERAGE 20.40
Brazil 9.38
India 7.27
 

Source: FAO, Eurostat and Eumofa.

Main species consumed in the European Union (2017)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

Main commercial species Per capita (Kg) % wild % farmed
Tuna (mostly canned) 3.07 99% 1%
Cod 2.31 100% 0%
Salmon 2.24 0% 100%
Alaska pollock 1.59 100% 0%
Shrimps 1.51 51% 49%
Mussel 1.28 8% 92%
Herring 1.18 100% 0%
Hake 0.94 100% 0%
Squid 0.67 100% 0%
Mackerel 0.65 100% 0%
 

Source: Eumofa, The EU Fish Market, 2019 edition.