Fisheries

6. Consumption

6. Consumption

6. Consumption

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Fisheries and aquaculture products are an important source of protein and a crucial component of a healthy diet. This is particularly true for the average European, who consumes 25.1 kg of fish or seafood per year (almost 4 kg more than in the rest of the world).

Consumption, however, varies greatly across the EU: from 4.8 kg per person in Hungary to 55.9 kg in Portugal.

Three quarters of the fish or seafood consumed in the EU come from wild fisheries, while the remaining quarter comes from aquaculture. The most popular species are tuna, cod and salmon.

Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products (2015)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

PT 55.9
ES 45.2
FR 33.9
LU 32.0
MT 31.5
IT 28.4
SE 26.9
LV 26.3
EU-28 25.1
UK 24.3
BE 23.7
FI 23.3
DK 22.9
CY 22.7
NL 22.2
IE 22.1
HR 18.4
EL 17.3
ET 17.2
LT 14.9
PL 13.6
AT 13.4
DE 13.4
SI 10.7
SK 8.2
CZ 7.8
RO 6.2
BG 6.2
HU 4.8
 

Source: FAO, Eurostat and Eumofa.

Consumption of fisheries and aquaculture products in the major world economies (2013)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

Iceland 91.97
Norway 52.08
Japan 49.79
China 44.58
Russia 22.94
Canada 22.61
EU-28 24.69
United States 21.55
WORLD AVERAGE 21.20
Brazil 10.88
India 5.04
 

Source: FAO, Eurostat and Eumofa.

Main species consumed in the European Union (2015)
(quantity in live weight (kg/inhabitant/year))

Main commercial species Per capita (Kg) % wild % farmed
Tuna (mostly canned) 2.77 99% 1%
Cod 2.32 99% 1%
Salmon 2.17 0% 100%
Alaska pollock 1.55 100% 0%
Herring 1.38 100% 0%
Mussel 1.33 11% 89%
Mackerel 1.07 100% 0%
Hake 1.00 100% 0%
Squid 0.71 100% 0%
Tropical shrimps 0.67 24% 76%
 

Source: Eumofa, The EU fish market, 2017 edition.